Of Vienna, located directly under the skin, referred to as "superficial". In turn, the vessels that pass through fascial bed of the leg muscles, called the "deep veins". External and internal venous system are connected to each other "perforating arteries" through which blood can flow from one to another. If there is stagnation in the deep veins (most common cause is the same notorious varicose veins) via perforating blood is discharged into the surface that causes them to expand. Therefore, the expansion of subcutaneous blood vessels can be seen as consequences of existing varices of the internal veins.
Blood is collected from all organs and through veins back to the heart. Gravity counteracts this process, so mother nature devised a way by which the flow direction does not change the blood in the veins moves only to the heart. To do this, she has supplied vessels with valves, which work in the same direction, preventing the reverse casting of blood. But for various reasons these valves can malfunction.
Disruption of their work most often occurs in leg veins, but it can happen in other areas of the body. A similar process of extension of the venous vessel arises in the pelvic area, upper extremities, trunk, head and neck. The same "spider veins" and "varices" found in these parts of the body. There is and invisible to our eyes varicose veins of internal organs. For example, the pressure increase in the system of portal vein (the blood it is collected from the gastrointestinal tract) leads to varicose vessels of the esophagus, located in the submucosal layer.
Another version of the "invisible veins" is a syndrome of chronic pelvic pain. In the literature this pathology can be found under the following names: varicocele in women, syndrome venous congestion of the pelvic organs. The analogue of this disease in men ("a sign of internal varicose veins") is a varicocele.
There are many factors that contribute to the “wrong” work of the venous valves, some of them include:
Lifestyle of person plays an important role in the development of varicose veins. People, whose occupation involves a long stay in a standing or sitting position, have the tendency to develop this disease, for example, nurses, flight attendants and teachers. Pathology is more often seen in the weaker sex than men, has a family history, is passed from parents to children.
One of the signs of varicose deep veins of the legs is "bloated and twisted" surface of the vein. In addition, there are the following symptoms internal varicose veins:
If not timely treatment, may cause complications:
Quite often the patient finds out that he has internal varicose veins in the legs, when symptoms of deep vein thrombosis — severe swelling of the lower extremities, sharp pain, fever.
The appearance of varicose veins-subcutaneous dilated veins in the legs is a reason to immediately refer the patient to the doctor. Although spider veins (small varicose veins) are treated as a cosmetic problem, nevertheless it may indicate deep varicose veins. In the process of medical examination, the doctor will visually appreciate the extent of the expansion of surface blood vessels.
To check the deep veins, usually appointed duplex ultrasound scanning, which allows to consider the structure of the deep veins and to evaluate the movement of blood through them to see blood clots.
Another test that can be used in the diagnosis of varicose veins deep vein is plethysmography. This study allows to determine the degree of functional disorders of the affected vessel. In addition, sometimes the doctor may prescribe invasive research methods — magnetic resonance angio graphy or phlebo graphy. When these methods use a contrast agent that is injected directly into a vein.
How to treat internal varicose veins of the lower extremities depends, as a rule, the degree of vascular lesions. In the initial stages it is possible to apply conservative therapy that involves the use of compression hosiery, medication effects (veno tonic), as well as traditional medicines.
If conservative treatment does not help, your doctor may recommend sclerotherapy. This procedure involves the introduction of sclerosing substances under the control of duplex ultrasound directly into the vessel. In advanced cases of the disease are usually recommended surgical treatment — removal of extended areas of deep veins.
Folk medicine in the treatment of internal varicose veins offers the following recipes:
Unfortunately, varicose veins cannot be removed completely. Therefore, as with any illness, the actual issue of prevention. The following activities will help in some way to prevent the development of this disease:
Deep and superficial venous system of the lower limb are closely connected with each other. So if you suffer from deep leg veins, then react to it subcutaneous. The appearance of vascular mesh (as a sign of superficial varicose veins) should be alerted to get to think about their deep veins.