Treatments for varicose veins

Modern treatment of varicose veins with timely treatment to the doctor brings positive results. Many wonder: varices — what is it? Varicose veins called pathological expansion of the walls of peripheral veins, resulting in under the skin become visible varices. Yourself blood vessels are very swollen and a bluish tint. What appears varicose veins? The development of the disease the blood ceases to circulate normally, she pushed up, zastaivayas in the vessels of the legs. This leads to further stretching of the walls of the veins and a feeling of heaviness in the legs.

varicose veins

The initial stage of varicose veins is manifested as follows: when the wall of a venous vessel begins to increase, it is pressed against the skin. It first emerges through the vascular mesh and spider veins, then there are the first signs of varicose veins: knots and bumps blue. This suggests that the vessel is weakened and without adequate treatment are no longer able to bounce back.

In this age of inactivity and poor ecology varicose veins is among the ten most common pathologies in the world. They suffer every 4 people on the planet.

More than half of patients do not realize about the beginning of varicose veins at an early (hidden) stage. Why according to statistics, most often varicose veins affect women? This is because they have underdeveloped connective tissue due to the current hormonal cycle.

How to remove varicose veins? Varicose veins cause too much trouble, from cosmetic problems and ending with States threatening life. Disease you need time to recognize and promptly treat. This will not only help to remove visible defects, but to eliminate the complications of varicose veins.

Symptoms of varicose veins

In this disease it is important not to miss the beginning when pathological processes are reversible and the treatment does not take much time. The main symptoms, how to identify varicose veins:

  • the appearance in the limbs of a spreading sense of heat passing into a burning;
  • a feeling of heaviness in the legs, which especially increases in the evening;
  • not immediately, but in the limbs swelling may appear, especially of the ankles and feet;
  • at night, the muscles of the legs begin to reduce cramps;
  • the initial stage of varicose veins is characterized by the fact that the skin darkens on the legs, when the feeling of the felt seal;
  • in the sealing area, the skin may exulcero, on the site of RAS can occur trophic ulcers.

With the development of diseases of varicose veins, the symptoms increase:

  • appear nagging pains that cover the popliteal fossa and the posterior surface of the tibia, men have thicker skin with a pronounced hairiness, so this symptom they have is less pronounced;
  • Vienna on its way from the ankle to the knee begins to be the lesions, the affected vessels seem retorta;
  • the extremities may appear vascular mesh, which has a purple-blue hue, the color intensity decreases, if we take the situation lying down, and gently lift the leg;
  • in the evening the symptoms include dull pain, a burning sensation and cramps, especially they occur after hours of standing;
  • may occur swelling of the extremities up to the fact that your favorite shoes can't be worn.

If the disease is not treated properly, the top layer of skin of the extremities becomes dry, thick and bluish, often it emerges pigmentation. Further malnutrition of the skin leads to the formation of venous ulcers. If this group of symptoms are added fever, weakness and chills, it means that for complicated varicose veins.

complications of varicose veins

Complications of varicose veins

Varicose veins may become more severe pathological processes in the veins of the lower extremities:

  1. Acute thrombophlebitis. The subcutaneous veins become painful to the touch, the skin acquires a red hue, there are severe pain. The acute phase is related to the fact that the blood clot blocks the lumen of the vessel. If a vein sclerosing, that is, the risk of gangrene.
  2. Trophic ulcer. On the skin there are wounds, which ooze ichor. Often fall into the wound pathogenic microbes, and for varicose veins complicated by a secondary bacterial infection. Sores almost not cicatrize due to malnutrition of cells in the upper layers of the epidermis.
  3. Bleeding from varices. The vein wall becomes thinner and bulges so that if a small damage occurs, its rupture, and she begins to bleed.

Varicose veins are terrible so that inflammation of the upper veins may spread to the deep venous system. Small blood clots can break away from the walls of the deep veins and cause pulmonary embolism.

The types of varicose veins

At the present stage of development of phlebology experts have developed a classification of varicose veins. According to her, isolated from varicose veins:

  • intradermal varicose veins, which manifests as spider veins on the skin;
  • varices of the small and large outer veins as nodes and seals;
  • different types of subcutaneous varicose veins in the form of spider veins.

This classification applies only to vessels which lie close to the surface of the body.

The degree of development of the disease

Varicose veins with stage light venous insufficiency can cause disability and death. As the disease is quite common, you should know the extent of varicose veins:

stages of developing varicose veins
  1. Varicose veins 1 degree. Pregnancy, excess weight, improper posture for a long time can lead to the development of the initial symptoms of veins of the lower extremities. Many patients ignore 1 degree of varicose veins, taking the heaviness and swelling of the feet fatigue. At this time, the varicose veins well treated with conservative methods, physical therapy and foot massage.
  2. Varices 2 degrees. Veins increase and become noticeable. Varicose veins to this extent occurs especially painful in the summer heat. There is a risk of thrombophlebitis. Treatment of 2nd degree, also a conservative, but longer. His goal is to stop the further development of varicose veins and relieve the unpleasant symptoms.
  3. Varicose veins are 3 degree. Symptoms of varicose veins are growing and do not go over time. The disease takes a serious form and often complicated Methods of conservative treatment are often powerless, have to resort to surgery.
  4. What are varicose veins 4? Launched by the extent of skin involvement with persistent venous ulcers. Shown exclusively surgical treatment.

Varicose veins lasts for years, there comes a time when the disease becomes apparent. It is important to be attentive to their own health and to seek help of a phlebologist, who will prescribe the right treatment. This will not only protect the veins from further bulging of the walls, but perhaps will save your life.

Treatment of varicose veins

How to treat varicose veins? Depending on the type and degree of development of varicose veins, experts identify the following traditional methods of treatment of varicose veins:

  • compression stockings;
  • drug therapy;
  • hirudotherapy;
  • operative treatments.

Varicose 1 and 2 degrees, well help traditional medicine, therapeutic physical training and massage.

Compression stockings

How to get rid of varicose veins with compression hosiery? In the complex treatment and prevention of varicose veins is of great importance for wearing compression underwear. Socks, stockings and tights perform several functions:

  • support and compress the wall of the enlarged venous vessel, forcing to redistribute the blood flow between healthy and diseased veins, removing them is an unnecessary burden;
  • improve trofiku tissues by eliminating stagnation;
  • help strengthen muscle pump — pushing blood up during exercise;
  • correctly chosen underwear minimizes the development of blood clots in the affected veins;
  • long wearing allows you to return the normal physiological function of venous blood flow (at 1-2 degrees).

Compression is a more efficient method compared to elastic bandages, to treat varicose veins.

compression hosiery

Donning lingerie is not time consuming, always properly maintains diseased veins, causing them to function. The disadvantages of gauze dressings can be attributed to a number of contraindications, in which carrying is prohibited, as is the fact that this method is prohibited with varicose veins deep vein.

There are 4 degrees of compression, which provides linen wearing:

  1. The first class of compression is more used for the prevention of varicose veins. It is prescribed to patients from risk groups: pregnant women, those who have appeared spider veins and spider veins, persons who are on duty forced to sit or stand.
  2. The second class of compression — the most popular among doctors and patients. Linen is used in various stages venous insufficiency, varicose veins and thrombophlebitis.
  3. The third class of compression is used in severe forms of venous insufficiency and varicose veins complicated by trophic ulcers.
  4. The fourth and higher classes of compression are issued very rarely, when there has been a violation of the lymph outflow.

Drug therapy

How to deal with varicose veins with medication? Drug therapy for varicose veins is part of a comprehensive conservative treatment. It includes:

  • oral tablets and capsules;
  • injection of drugs;
  • the use of external agents: ointments, creams, gels.

The course of treatment and type of drug the patient selects the doctor-phlebologist. It measures the degree of development of the disease and the patient's condition.

What to do with varicose veins? As a rule, the basis of medical treatment are several main groups of drugs.

Phlebotrophic funds. Their main purpose is restoring the tone of the wall of the venous vessel. Treatment of varicose veins phlebotonics in the early stages of disease development can reduce the deformation of the veins, remove spider veins and spider veins. In most cases, varicose veins discharged: is it Possible to cure varicose veins with these drugs? Venotonics are unable to eliminate the varices, but is able to effectively eliminate disturbing symptoms.

The blood thinners (anticoagulants). How to cure varicose veins with the help of these funds? Objective of medicines of this group is to maintain normal blood counts, reduced threat of blood clots, improvement of the peripheral circulation. Drugs are taken on the scheme, which is determined by the physician. During the course of treatment he makes adjustments based on the patient's condition and positive dynamics.

Anticoagulants can be taken exactly as prescribed the doctor. Overdose can cause bleeding.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as a method of treatment of varicose veins, used in the symptomatic treatment of varicose veins: relieve pain, alleviate spasms, increase blood flow and reduce inflammation of damaged veins.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs successfully treat varicose veins and used in the prevention of complications of varicose veins.

hirudotherapy for varicose veins

Hirudotherapy in the treatment of varicose veins

Currently, the fight against varicose veins by the method of hirudotherapy is recognized as traumatic, but the method used in advanced stages when there are growing signs of thrombophlebitis. Methods of treatment of varicose veins with leeches should be performed only in medical institutions where there are appropriate permissions and conditions for the aseptic production of leeches.

It should be remembered that leech therapy for varicose veins can provoke allergic reactions and the development of venous ulcers.

Operative treatment

Varicose veins and treatment by surgery is used in cases when:

  • the disease spilled over into running step;
  • there is pathologic widening of the vein walls;
  • violation of blood flow, which leads to pain, changing the structure of the skin, development of trophic ulcers;
  • the disease was complicated by thrombophlebitis.

In the absence of contraindications surgeons-phlebologists conduct operations on the affected veins. Currently widespread methods:

  1. EVLT (endovenous laser coagulation). A revolutionary method of treatment of varicose veins, which is characterized by low traumatism. The operation is performed in an outpatient setting within an hour. The gist of it is that the phlebologist a laser beam seals the diseased vein and the blood flow starts for healthy blood vessels.
  2. Sclerotherapy. Also refers to a minimally invasive operations, when the result is achieved within a few minutes with a simple manipulation. A similar property has varicose veins treatment with the help of radio frequencies. A special syringe with a very fine needle into the wall of the affected vessel a drug is injected, which forms a foam and closes the lumen. The blood stream is routed to a healthy vein. The drug is absorbed and excreted through the kidneys.
  3. Phlebectomy. This surgical treatment method to remove the affected veins, which is set at 3 degree of varicose veins, when it appears sores and other types of complications. Without surgery the effects of varicose veins can be fatal.

phlebologist assigns surgical treatment when conservative treatment at the last stage of varicose veins does not make sense, or not be as effective.