Visual problems with the veins can look like "spider veins" and "worm". In the first case we are talking about translucent small blood vessels similar to spider web network. They have a blue or purple color, but does not rise above the surface of the skin. "Worm" is, on the contrary, the extension of the main veins. As a rule, there is a protrusion, swelling. These veins, sometimes with a diameter of a finger, have a blue-green color. But varicose veins are not just a cosmetic defect. This is a disease that is very dangerous for its complications. Among them the most common: thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers, bleeding. The most dangerous is the formation of a thrombus which can detach and pose a direct threat to the life of the mother and child.
The mechanism of formation of varicose veins during pregnancy is that the blood along the arteries "pumped" into the lower extremities, but lingers there, because the vein is partially bent and unable to provide sufficient blood outflow. As a result, there is stagnation of venous blood, which bursting the vein from the inside.
Initial stage of varicose veins occur for women with little or no symptoms – apparently found only a slight deformation of the veins. In this case, the end of the day, may cause edema, which by the morning completely disappear. Usually swelling accompanied by a feeling of heaviness of the legs, fatigue./p>
In a more poor condition, you may experience cramps in calf muscles. Mostly, they are concerned about the pregnant at night. Further, the condition exacerbated by a severe pain in the legs and itching of skin, worse at night.
The next stage of development of varicose veins – substantial deformation of the veins. In this case, the veins protrude above the skin, they expanded, sometimes quirky bent. It should be noted that in some cases (even with strong deformation of the veins) the woman may not be unpleasant or painful sensations. At the same time hardly visible to the eye changes can often be combined with serious pain symptoms.
As a rule, reasons for the emergence or worsening of the disease during pregnancy are: hormonal changes in the body (which leads to a weakening of the venous wall), the increased volume of blood in the veins (which significantly increases the load on the veins), the pressure of the growing uterus and fetus, the increasing weight of the pregnant woman. In addition, the impact of the individual characteristics of the woman's body, in particular the elasticity of the vessel walls, underdevelopment or even complete absence of the venous valves.
Often when pregnancy is observed not only varicose veins of the lower extremities, but also varicose veins of the labia, the vulva, the anus (hemorrhoids). If time does not provide treatment, extensive vulvar varicose veins can lead to rupture of the vein, thereby causing fatal bleeding.
Preventive measures should be taken to women who have the disease only "appeared on the horizon," and those with no obvious symptoms. During pregnancy with this purpose it is necessary to wear compression stockings (anti varicose tights during pregnancy is not used) or tightly wrap legs with elastic bandages. The first option is most convenient because it does not require learning a special technique to tie up necessary in the case of a bandage. But you should know that it is unacceptable to pick their own stockings, it must be done by the doctor. It will take into account the degree necessary compression, will teach how to use this product. For example, the doctor will tell you what to wear stockings have in the morning in the supine position, not getting out of bed. In addition, you should not wear clothing that interferes with blood circulation in the hips and knees. Choose shoes with a heel 3-5 cm
The following measures that should be undertaken is to improve circulation in the legs through exercise, and change of position. This means that you need to give your feet a rest and to unload them. From time to time should go to bed, and so her feet were on the hill (it is quite suitable option to throw down on the table in the American style). Also important is the implementation of special simple exercises: circular motion feet, "Bicycle", raise on the toes, roll the "toe-heel". You can lie on your back, raise the legs at a 90 degree angle (or straighten them) and shake.
While sleeping, try lying on your left side to improve blood flow. Do not cross your legs when sitting, and do not stand for a long period of time. If you have long-standing, periodically rise to the socks. Useful will be the swimming pool.
Make sure that the weight gain was not very significant, i.e. in excess of, as it is very adversely affects the condition of the veins.
The treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy, and other diseases, alone is unacceptable. This should engage a specialist.
In most cases, the treatment of this disease in pregnant women should be limited to conservative methods aimed at improving venous outflow. For the treatment of topical all the measures that we have described in the previous section: wearing special stockings, physiotherapy. This may also include Hiking in the fresh air, up and down the stairs. The basis of the diet of pregnant, suffering from varicose veins should be vegetables, lean meats, fish, cheese, eggs.
Most commonly in the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy use topical preparations: gels, ointments. However, it is necessary to take into account that not every tool will be right, because the active ingredient enters the bloodstream and can be dangerous for the baby.
Today on the pharmaceutical market there are many medications that focus on the treatment of varicose veins disease.
In particularly difficult cases, with the rapid progression of the disease (or complications such as ascending thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers), surgical treatment of. If indeed there is a real danger, the doctors decided on surgery, which usually occurs in the first six months of pregnancy. Also a possible method sclerotherapy veins with special solutions.