How to treat varicose veins on the legs in women?

Varicose veins in the legs usually affects women more often than men. This is due to the pregnancy, which adversely affect the blood vessels, wearing high-heeled shoes, work up. It's hard to imagine a woman without a bag is rarely easy. All this affects the blood vessels. Of course, this disease is not only spoils the aesthetic appearance (which upsets every lady), but it is sometimes dangerous for life. So you should talk about how to treat varicose veins on the legs in women.

drug therapy

Drug therapy

Varicose veins in women is a rather unpleasant phenomenon. This is a serious disease caused by the blood circulation. Causes of varicose veins on the legs in women lies in the improper operation of the valves of the veins of the lower extremities. As a result, the blood flow goes in the opposite direction, vessels are deformed, starts varicose veins.

Causes of varicose veins on the legs in women are:

  • genetic predisposition (if my mom had varicose veins, then her daughter will, most likely);
  • weak vessels since childhood;
  • lifting weights;
  • wearing shoes with high heels;
  • prolonged standing or sitting;
  • long-term use of oral contraceptives;
  • pregnancy;
  • hormonal changes.

Also causes of varicose veins can be harmful habits (alcohol, Smoking), sedentary lifestyle.

It is important to treat varicose veins in women to determine the cause of the disease and act on it in the first place.

Taking medication without checking with your doctor is strictly prohibited!

At a later stage symptoms of varicose veins of the legs in women are:

  • swelling of the extremities;
  • pain in the legs;
  • night cramps;
  • protruding, dilated veins.

If you do not treat the disease, the varicose veins become dangerous, on the feet of the women appear ulcers, which bring a lot more trouble than dilated veins. In addition, this disease can cause thrombophlebitis, and a clot already facing a fatal outcome in the absence of treatment.

cream against varicose veins

Treatment of varicose veins in women should be initiated in time to prevent certain complications. In the beginning of the disease is pharmacological therapy.

Usually prescribed drugs for oral administration:

  1. Venotonic, which normalize the blood circulation and strengthen the vascular wall.
  2. Herbal preparations, tonics veins.
  3. Drugs preventing blood clots, thinning the blood slightly.
  4. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, reducing inflammation, relieving swelling.

Now comes a lot of dietary supplements, which relieve symptoms of varicose veins and affect its cause.

Preparations for external use

Pills and drops that are assigned for internal use are assigned to external tools. Modern pharmaceuticals offers a great selection of gels, ointments, creams for the treatment and prevention of varicose veins in the legs.

They vary in composition and action:

  1. Containing heparin.
  2. Having the active ingredient is troxerutin.
  3. With herbal ingredients.
  4. Non steroidal ointment, anti-inflammatory and prevents the formation of blood clots.
  5. Hormonal agents.

Many of them are actively used by women who leave them good reviews. External funds also should be used strictly by the doctor.

Surgical treatment

In severe cases, when medicines do not help, apply surgical methods of treatment.

Currently widely used the following methods of surgical treatment:

  1. Radiofrequency ablation of varicose veins. The method consists in keeping in the vein of a special crater which subsequently heats up. This leads to the heating and bonding the patient's vein. Then the crater is removed, the procedure is performed under ultrasound control.
  2. Endovenous laser coagulation. The method that the vein is introduced in the laser fiber, which cauterizes the vein.
  3. Phlebosclerotic. In the affected vein injected drug, a sclerosing action. He glues the vein, the procedure is performed under ultrasound control.

These methods are relatively new and have many advantages. RAV and ELK are performed under local anesthesia, have a short recovery period and is suitable for women who do not want the procedure took a lot of time.

The great thing is the lack of postoperative scar. But methods have also unpleasant consequences: the possibility of recurrence, high cost.

Phlebosclerotic is performed without anesthesia. The procedure is absolutely painless, does not require hospitalization. After surgery there is no scar, it is important for women who care about beauty of feet. Disadvantages are: the possibility of inflammation and relapse of.

Can also occur pigmentation at the site of puncture.

The type of surgical intervention depends not only on the patient's wishes, but testimony.

The traditional method (phlebectomy) aims at the removal of varicose veins. To do this, an incision is made in the groin area or under the knee. Through the hole pull the affected vein and using a special tool and remove it.

The advantages of this type of operation are: high performance and run it on any stage of the disease.

surgery

Cons are also available:

  • General or spinal anesthesia;
  • a long recovery period (about a week);
  • the presence of scars after the surgery;
  • possible bleeding and infection;
  • injury to the nearby tissues;
  • the occurrence of relapse.

Also there is another surgical method of treating varicose veins on the legs. It is miniphlebectomy. It is used when the disease is just beginning. The procedure is performed as follows: through a small puncture with a special hook in the sky, the affected vein and then shut off.

Recipes of traditional medicine

There are many folk remedies get rid of varicose veins on the legs. That various tinctures, decoctions of herbs, external compresses and rubbing. In the first place of them is horse chestnut. It effectively helps with varicose veins by strengthening blood vessels, eliminating pain and swelling preventing blood clots.

Used the fruit of this plant, they make tinctures, lotions, compresses. Many drugs are made from horse chestnut.

The infusion of the fruit horse chestnut you can prepare yourself:

  1. Half a Cup of fruit filled with a bottle of vodka.
  2. Insist in a dark place for 2 weeks.
  3. Filtered.
  4. Take 15 drops three times a day before meals.

Horse chestnut has contraindications:

  • kidney disease;
  • ulcer of the stomach;
  • increased bleeding.

There is another medicinal plant that helps with varicose veins of the lower extremities. It is the white acacia. For the treatment of this disease used flowers plants. You can make a tincture or decoction. You need to take half a Cup of flowers, pour a bottle of vodka, to insist in a dark place for 3 weeks. Then RUB into the troublesome vein this tincture every day.

Also help compresses made of blue clay, it is sold in pharmacies and stores. It is necessary to dissolve the dry clay with water, apply on the affected areas of feet thick. Roll up the polythene, wrap the foot is not necessary, leave for an hour. Then rinse with cold water. This tool stimulates the vascular wall.

Also apply compresses of cabbage leaves, potatoes, green tomatoes. You can make the bath of chamomile, elecampane.

gymnastics with varicose veins

Therapeutic gymnastics and massage

Physical therapy is of great importance to stop the process of enlargement of the veins and improve the condition. Because the disease is often caused by a sedentary lifestyle, stagnation in the legs, the workout helps to disperse the blood and to strengthen blood vessels. Physical therapy should choose a specialist for each individually depending on the severity of the process.

But there are some common sample exercise:

  1. Walking on the spot, without taking socks from the floor for a minute.
  2. Sitting on a chair, perform a circular motion with feet in the air.
  3. Sitting down, take turns to bend and straighten each leg.
  4. Lying on back, raise legs together and bend them at the knee and straighten 10 times.
  5. Lifting her legs, lying on back, bend and straighten feet.
  6. Standing, roll from toe to heel 10 times.
  7. To walk on their toes, then on heels for a minute.

These exercises can be done at any stage of the disease. In sedentary work, it is important to stand up every half hour and walk. Of great importance in the treatment of varicose veins, swimming and Cycling.

Massage with varicose veins need to be done very carefully, especially at later stages. It is best to consult with your doctor about the possibility of this procedure. The doctor will suggest necessary steps for massage.

How to treat varicose veins during pregnancy

Unfortunately, this disease affects even young women during pregnancy. This is due to the changes in the blood due to the increase in hormonal levels, as well as increased load on the legs.

Growing uterus puts pressure on the legs, as a result, the blood vessels deform. It is possible to prevent or suspend starting the change process veins.

This necessarily wearing special compression hosiery for pregnant women. It is in the form of tights, stockings, Golf. The doctor will help selected the right kind of compression hosiery, and to determine the size and type of compression.

They are mild compression, medium, and strong. At the initial stage of the disease, the doctor will prescribe special creams and gels from varicose veins. They should be applied before wearing compression hosiery.

During pregnancy it is very difficult to get rid of varicose veins.

varicose veins during pregnancy

You can use some medications from varicose veins inside, but only on the advice of a doctor. Pregnant women often face a different kind of varicose veins of the anus (hemorrhoids). In such cases, a mandatory consultation of the surgeon who will pick up the necessary candles.

During pregnancy should be sure to respect the day, to avoid a long stay on his feet. Need often relax with your legs at low altitude. Useful walk in the fresh air. In the diet of the pregnant must contain all the necessary substances.

Pregnant women in any case should not wear shoes with high heels, it adversely affects the blood vessels. Boots or shoes for pregnant women may have heel only 5 cm, not higher.

At the first sign of thrombosis (leg pain, swelling, discoloration of the skin) urgently needs to see a doctor. If you have a high fever, worried about the weakness, severe leg pain, it is necessary to call an ambulance. Delay in such cases is impossible, the clot can break away and start moving through the vessels.

Prevention

In order to avoid this disease, it is necessary to observe some rules:

  • not to sit with his legs;
  • a special diet;
  • in daylight, or the night rest to put feet on the platform;
  • avoid prolonged standing on the feet;
  • forced long sitting, move your feet;
  • move more, swim, ride bike;
  • avoid hot tubs, baths, saunas, overheating;
  • do not wear high heeled shoes and tight clothes.

A woman's diet should be varied, need to avoid hot spices, salty, fried and smoked dishes. It is necessary to adhere to dietary diet with the addition of fresh vegetables, fruits, fiber. Need to avoid heavy lifting, avoid high load on the veins. Forget about the harmful habits (Smoking, alcohol).

In General, the disease is treatable if timely treatment. This process can be stopped and prevented if desired.

13.03.2019