Varicose veins of the lower extremities: the origin and solution to the problem

Vascular, system blood circulation and hemostasis difficult and dangerous. To deal with them is also difficult, for example, the treatment of varicose veins how much effort and patience it requires. But life now is such that only and has to the varicose veins of the lower extremities. Though standing behind the counter, though sitting behind a computer, though uncomfortable shoes, which you have to hurry – it all hinders the flow, causing stasis in the veins of the legs, and if this disease parents were persecuted, in danger twice.

varicose veins in women

Young girls think they is not threatened, always the legs are slender and light, so, following the fashion, choose high heels and run on these days. The main thing – the beauty, the inconvenience can be patient, because beauty, as you know, the victims want. And the victims can be very large...

What are varicose veins and why expanded veins?

For violation of the structure of the vascular wall and reduction of vascular tone of deep veins of lower extremities dilate unevenly. This process is very well contributes to the excessive load on their feet. The blood received via the blood channel the systemic circulation from the left ventricle, enriched with oxygen and nutrients to the lower limbs, ought to rise up through the veins through the right ventricle to the lung to give away the unnecessary and to pick up the next batch required lower extremities substances.

Veins of lower extremities provided with valves to raise the blood did not return back because she overcomes the attraction of the Earth, rising up. In varicose veins the valves cannot close tightly, so all the blood doesn't disappear, but starts to fall down and stagnate. Then it comes to the new portion and the blood circulation is disturbed.

Where lies the reason?

To say that varicose veins of the lower limbs the phenomenon is ubiquitous – nothing to say. But there are people who live to a ripe old age, and varicose veins have no idea. Why? Maybe originally they knew a secret or lay life on the couch with your feet raised?

To structural the structure of the wall of the venous vessel was broken, that much is not necessary, just some innate characteristics of the individual or the conditions created in the process of life may cause the beginning of the pathological process:

  1. Genetic predisposition, that is, people from my parents gets, NOT a disease, and the structure of the vessels, which is conducive to expansion of veins and disease;
  2. Female gender in relation to natural purpose.
  3. Loss of elasticity and tone of the vascular wall is the result:
    • Professional (work related to prolonged stay in an upright position);
    • Excess stress during pregnancy, obesity and exercise;
    • Hormonal background, where the leading place belongs to the hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause;
    • Constant violation of diet and food preferences of products that affect vascular wall;
    • Diseases of the metabolism;
    • Diseases of the liver (hepatitis and cirrhosis);
    • Hypertension;
    • Smoking;
    • Venous-arterial fistula, which can cause varicose veins even in adolescents.

Do a varicose veins of legs?

In addition to these described the terrible events of varicose disease of the lower limbs simply unattractive. Early in the disease, when expanded 2-3 wreaths, people often focus on is not paying, but the disease progresses, problems begin. The knots came out, the skin on the inner surface of the leg glows and changes colors, and those seats get really itchy. The skin is damaged and ulcerate. But if plus have diabetes? Varicose veins on the legs – not an independent disease of the legs, the whole body is involved here, because it is the circulatory system.

Thus, the manifestations of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be represented as follows:

  1. The feeling of tiredness in the legs, heaviness and swelling of the limbs;
  2. Thickened and convoluted plots of the veins protruding above the skin surface of the tibia dark-blue nodes;
  3. Compacted, darkened elasticity in the affected areas, the skin;
  4. Cramps in the legs;
  5. Hair loss and burning sensation in areas of varicose veins;
  6. Itching in areas of varicose nodes.

With the development of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins become brighter and entail other events:

causes of varicose veins

  1. Increased pain;
  2. As a result of stasis dermatitis, eczema and ulceration of damaged areas;
  3. Itchy areas appear vesicles and cracks that give bleeding at the slightest injury. And where there is bleeding, thrombus formation is always present. Such manifestations can, in turn, easily be complicated by thrombophlebitis, which is characterized by the following features:
  • Shortness of breath, shortness of breath, weakness;
  • The increase in temperature of the affected limb, her skin hot and tight;
  • Pain in the course of the vessel;
  • Redness of the limb in the course of the affected vein.

It should be noted that thrombosis is very dangerous and requires immediate medical attention.

Treatment of folk remedies

At first he was trying to treat varicose veins on the legs, taking advice from experienced relatives, friends and acquaintances. And they help because the disease is widespread and many people know about it.

Some propose to go on a diet, lose weight and clean vessels, others recommend a special elastic stockings and tights that they are, others do leeches have to offer...

Food for varicose veins

Undoubtedly, nutrition varicose role. And considerable. Lose weight with varicose veins is actually very useful, so this should start, of course, without resorting to numerous promotional products which can be good for weight loss easy, but is contraindicated in the treatment of varicose veins.

Varicose veins of the lower extremities in the first place one should forget:

food for varicose veins

  1. About alcohol (completely);
  2. Strong coffee;
  3. Canned, spicy and smoked products;
  4. Sweets and salt are varicose veins does not even love – they water in the body delay;
  5. Fried potatoes is very good to replace the potatoes in their skins and hear what advise people in the know. And knowledgeable suggest:
    • to consume foods rich in vitamins A and E, although b and C also will not hinder;
    • wheat, rye and oats, cabbage of all varieties and soybean, carrot, gooseberry and wild rose in particular – have a beneficial effect on the venous wall;
    • unlimited vegetables, fresh juices of citrus, blueberries, cranberries and strawberries fresh;
    • nettle, dill and parsley in salads, will not only help with varicose veins, but will significantly reduce the weight.

Apple cider vinegar against varicose veins

Apple cider vinegar is widely sold in the store and is quite expensive. Pleasant to the taste. To treat take:

2 teaspoons of vinegar, add a spoonful of honey, fill with purified water in an amount of 200-250 ml and drink the morning on an empty stomach. Diluted in a ratio of 1:10 Apple cider vinegar good evening grate of the tibia, in the morning, the vessels will feel it.

Recipe chestnut tincture

Also to treat varicose veins of the legs use a variety of infusions and decoctions, which is very effective is the tincture recipe from chestnuts, which is prepared as follows:

  1. beautiful fresh chestnuts, which are directly under the legs lying in the autumn, collect;
  2. cut into 4-5 pieces and put in a meat grinder;
  3. weighed out 50 grams and add to pureed weight of 500 grams of vodka (bottle);
  4. future put the tincture in a dark place for 10-14 days, and the remaining mass of chestnuts spread out to dry (will come in handy next time);
  5. upon expiry of this period, the tincture (you can strain and use it) to pee in a bottle to drink every day, the rest in the fridge;

Due to the fact that chestnut effect on blood pressure, then medication is recommended in accordance with blood. 30-40 drops in a tablespoon of boiled water 3-4 times a day before meals – at normal pressure and 1-2 times a day with reduced. The course of treatment – 1 month, then a break, and after 2 weeks if necessary, repeat the course.

In addition to treat varicose veins on the legs, you can use chestnut tincture for rubbing his shins. For reviews of people this method helps, some even managed to cure varicose veins in the early stages. Well, and for those who are treatment diet and tinctures are not very lucky, but the doctor does not want to go, folk medicine recommends "old" but not forgotten leeches.

Conservative treatment

Sometimes initiated in a timely manner treatment stops the disease process, and people live on without the doctor, supporting themselves with folk remedies, regime and diet. But what happens when the disease started and already can't help:

  • Infusions and decoctions;
  • Compression stockings;
  • Ointments and creams advertised in the media;
  • Massage and gymnastics;
  • Even hirudotherapy does not help.

varicose veins doctor

So, it's time to visit the doctor. In the registry, any clinic will explain what varicose veins of the lower extremities is a special surgeon vessels.

Of course, medicine is always striving to do without radical measures, that is, without surgery, to the latest trying conservative treatment. Any operation, even the simplest, is associated with impaired blood vessel integrity, and, therefore, thrombus formation, which occurs with varicose veins. In addition, any surgical intervention requires anesthesia. Here you should consider the age of the patient, it is known that in old age, varicose veins often accompany chronic diseases of the respiratory and cardiovascular system, and this circumstance greatly complicates the choice and maintenance of anaesthesia. Therefore, a vascular surgeon treats varicose veins conservatively at first.

For the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities prescribe medications that improve blood flow through the veins, defending the wall and blood thinners. These include:

  1. Cardiovascular drugs;
  2. Antiplatelet agents that dissolve clots;
  3. Drugs that prevent blood clotting (anticoagulants);
  4. Ointment varicose veins, gels and creams of local significance, has a therapeutic effect on the above-mentioned criteria;
  5. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

To penetrate into the venous vessel

Sclerotherapy can treat varicose veins on the legs in the early stages of the disease, when the function of the valves is not impaired, and this method admirably with cosmetic varicose veins, leaving absolutely no traces of the disease. Treatment of varicose veins with this method, it is the doctor who injects into a vein a solution of chloride of iron in certain concentrations.

Probably, in all times surgery was, is and will be the main way to cure varicose veins, so methods such as laser treatment will always be popular among doctors and among patients. Undoubtedly, when the patient sees and hears during surgery, are not afraid that you will not Wake up (the majority of patients before surgery panic on this occasion) – it means a lot.

Treatment of varicose veins laser patients tolerate well, although here too the postoperative period and some disadvantages, though associated with a small but intervention. There may be bruising and soreness along the coagulated veins, sometimes after a few days the body temperature rises to subfebrile. These phenomena are rapidly, if you take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (diclofenac, nimesulide). Immediately after surgery the patient is not only allowed to get up, but and recommended like, however, wearing the (mandatory!) compression hosiery.

Laser treatment is performed by thermal effects of intravascular laser energy directly on the venous wall and attached to her blood clots, which are later replaced by connective tissue. And indeed Vienna over time (in a year approximately) will turn into a connective-tissue cord.

laser treatment

Laser coagulation of varicose veins is quite effective method that has a minimum number of contraindications, does not have negative side effects, does not cause allergic reactions. Laser treatment is well tolerated and can be used in elderly and senile age. And contraindications to take into account to choose the correct dosage, professional to conduct the procedure and to dispense with the operation of this is a matter for professionals, because the real surgery for varicose veins of the lower extremities is a pretty serious thing with a lot of contraindications and complications.

Radical surgery with varicose veins complicated in execution, rich "surprises" and refers to extreme measures, after all it comes to the hemostatic system, which will react to any intervention. Unfortunately, not always adequately. Therefore, the task of the doctor is to explain to your patient how not to get on the operating table, but prevention of such a perspective should be the goal of all of the patient's life, because his health is in his hands.

And yet, giving power to implement preventive measures, you still sometimes need to remember about vascular surgeon, and if he'll take a look and confirm that it is to do nothing, then everything's fine, it means that the efforts were not in vain.

25.04.2019