Reticular varices: development, characteristics, treatment, prevention of aggravation

Say reticular varices can be called a real disease is that a stretch. But cosmetic defect or cosmetic varicose veins (informal terminology), do not pose a danger to life, but creates problems for young girls and women who are especially called even the doctors engaged in the treatment of varicose vessels of the venous system. As for men, they constitute a small group among all patients with reticular varices, moreover, "such a trifle" representatives "of a strong half of mankind," not seeking for aesthetics, they may not notice or, having noticed, not to focus their attention on it.

It should be noted that in the West, the terminology really is no disease, just if at some period of life through the skin of the feet (usually the female) starts viewed spider veins, reticular veins talking about.

reticular varices

Only aesthetic flaw?

So the disease or not? Does it need to be treated and what methods of treatment of reticular varicose veins requires?

The specialists ' opinions differ: some consider the defeat of the small vessels of the venous system exclusively to cosmetic defects, do not consider it to pathological conditions, so not particularly insist on the treatment of reticular veins. Others, however, argue that it still originates from insolvency (failure) of the valves of the veins, so I suggest to prevent and treat all available methods.

Not wanting to intervene in the dispute between experts and take sides, I would like to share a doubt that the absolute health of blood vessels reticular veins is unlikely to occur. And where is the guarantee that the varicose veins that created just the unsightly appearance of the skin in youth is not limited to the superficial veins, will not affect the deep vessels and will not result in a real disease in adulthood with all its consequences and complications?

This type of varicose disease of the veins is called the mesh (reticular veins). Reticular varices are is so pronounced signs of illness as other types of varicose veins. As a rule, it is a "picture", folded small veins and interwoven threads of blood vessels of different colors (green, purple, dark blue). A favorite place of localization of the reticular type of disease – the skin of the lower extremities.

From zero to sixth grade lesions

Often reticular varicose veins of the legs occurs in people may have venous insufficiency, which is not yet declared itself because of low severity. Subsequently, the possible progression of varicose veins and increasing the degree of valve insufficiency veins, for what, in fact, built one of the classifications of varicose veins. This classification examines the development of the disease over a long period of time, determines in its progression of six stages, not counting with virtually no symptoms, zero, and, consequently, shares the same classes:

  • Class 0 (zero stage) – at this stage, except of heaviness in the legs, other signs of ill health of blood vessels patients are not noted;
  • Class 1 (first stage) – shines through the skin mesh of small vessels is reticular varices, and other signs of the disease may still be missing;
  • Class 2 (second stage) – quite clearly visible dilated blood vessels (veins);
  • Grade 3 (third stage) – there is a heaviness in the legs and suffers from swelling, veins bulging above the skin surface;
  • Class 4 (stage IV) – the skin over the dilated veins constantly itches, changes its natural color, it becomes dark brown and develops venous dermatitis, which indicates the defeat of the deep veins;
  • Class 5 (the fifth stage) – consider advanced cases, as scratching into the still-healing trophic ulcers;
  • Class 6 (sixth stage) – with ulcers that do not heal, cope becomes increasingly difficult or even impossible.

Depending on what changes occurred with venous vessels as a result of pathological change, there are forms of varicose disease: cylindrical, serpentine, or described in the theme option – reticular varices, which occurs with a lesion of the skin veins of small caliber. Unfortunately, most people who have a tendency to varicose veins, there are all forms of immediately.

stage of varicose veins

Thus, reticular varicose veins of the lower extremities represents the first stage of a pathological process called "varicose veins." The disease – there is nothing like a set of irreversible changes in the venous vessels (elongation, expansion, defeat of the walls), arising mainly due to failure of venous valves.

The reasons for the development of reticular veins

The reasons that motivate the development of valve insufficiency and, as a result of varicose veins, doctors include:

  • Heredity and congenital – weakness of the vascular walls (the presence of pathological changes of venous vessels from relatives involves the active prevention of disease);
  • Female gender (pregnancy, childbirth, taking oral contraceptive drugs for a long time, menopause);
  • Professional activity involving a prolonged stay on his feet or in a sitting position, which hinders the blood flow in the vessels of the lower extremities;
  • Alimentary obesity (the legs have "hard times", carrying excessive load);
  • Violation of metabolic processes;
  • Various neuro endocrine pathology;
  • Arterial hypertension;
  • Severe liver damage (hepatitis, cirrhosis);
  • Allergic reactions, immune deviation.

In addition to these prerequisites of pathological changes of venous vessels, can also mentioned active Smoking and poor diet – in this category of people reticular varicose veins of the legs develops more often than those that strive for a healthy lifestyle

Signs of reticular veins

Reticular varices in the lower limbs is characterized by an abundance of symptoms. Often it is a single sign – irreversible color change of the skin due to the "pattern" which manifests itself on the skin, created by intertwining threads of small vessels, Yes, transient itching due to exposure to the cold or exposure to allergen.

Among other signs of cosmetic varicose veins include:

Patients usually not associate these symptoms with changes in the small vessels of the venous system, therefore, complaining to his feet and focusing on the signs of their ill health, I suspect most other diseases. The presence of vascular veins from the capillaries and extended surface of blood vessels of small caliber, as a rule, the patients themselves do not take into account and, waving away the "annoying" doctors say: "They have long had, but never caused problems."

symptoms of varicose veins
  • Heaviness in the legs;
  • Unpleasant sensations in the legs;
  • Pain and swelling by evening;
  • Point intradermal hemorrhages;
  • Seizures (rare symptom).

Methods of disposal

To treat reticular varices are trying a different pharmaceutical forms of drugs (tablets, capsules, gels, ointments, creams) that affect the blood vessels of the superficial venous system. The most popular in this regard are:

  1. Veno tonic, eliminates pain, and prevents cramps and the development of trophic lesions;
  2. Rutoside, having P-vitamin activity and thus strengthen the vascular wall.

Meanwhile, to get rid of a cosmetic drawback using only dosage forms almost impossible. Fortunately, at present, the treatment of reticular veins using minimally invasive techniques is fairly simple and is widely used in our country.

Completely remove annoying reticular veins, you can use:

  • Micro phlebectomy is a painless procedure (performed using local anesthesia) and does not require the rehabilitation period (only the use of compression hosiery), although implying the stretching on the surface of the affected vessel and its subsequent excision that the part looks a bit scary;
  • Sclerosing therapy, introducing into the vessel a special solution (usually in the form of foam), glue the vascular wall for further resorption. In this method, the rehabilitation period can be extended to 10 days since the patient will have to wear a tight bandage put on the puncture of the vein. Not very suitable for the treatment of reticular varicose veins, having as the only symptom of a mesh formed by small capillaries, after introducing the liquid drug through the injection needle, even very thin, is not so easy;
  • Laser coagulation – the most beloved by patients method of combating this problem. In this case the walls of blood vessels and dry laser energy.

Despite the fact that the first two methods do not leave traces of therapeutic effects on the affected vessels, laser therapy has been and remains the most popular method. Patients not even afraid of the fact that after treatment of reticular veins with laser, in the course of a venous vessel may experience soreness, bruising, and sometimes, after a few days, possibly to increase body temperature. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs promptly eliminate such minor troubles, but then a new cosmetic defect at this location will never appear. As with other surgeries (big and small) compression hosiery (stockings, tights) and put in the period of rehabilitation after treatment of reticular veins using laser photocoagulation.

how to get rid of varicose veins

A few words about prevention and natural remedies

The hackneyed phrase "the disease is easier to prevent than to treat it" makes in this case in the first place to put the prevention of cosmetic defects, and then to proceed to the treatment of folk remedies and pharmacy medicines, since to avoid it still failed.

With regard to prevention, in respect of reticular veins to carry it out is not only possible, but necessary, especially if many close relatives have already noted the defect. In order for the skin to bleed snakes elongated and dilated capillaries, you need to:

Become a supporter of proper nutrition and eliminate harmful food cravings;

  • Forget about alcohol and cigarettes, drinking strong coffee strictly regulate;
  • Don't ignore the regular wearing of compression hosiery in the morning or the evenings (but daily) gymnastics (there are special exercises for the prevention of reticular veins – "scissors", "bike");
  • It is advisable to join the pool and regularly visit it, but to abandon the baths and saunas;
  • To avoid excessive physical exertion.

Many admirers of nonconventional medicine continue to insist on the treatment folk remedies any disease, including and described. No doubt, from ointments, infusions, decoctions, made at home, some good not excluded, but it may be only in respect of symptoms, if they occur (heavy legs, swelling, cramps), but completely get rid of cosmetic defect, to bring the vessels in the initial (healthy) condition like medicine not.

From any varicose veins, in principle, it is impossible once and for all get rid of without the use of minimally invasive let, but the physical interventions or a surgical operation (if no choice anymore), and conservative treatment and is not designed to eliminate all the problems. And pharmaceutical and traditional remedies designed to "calm" the veins, to create comfortable conditions and, thus, to reduce the symptoms of the pathological process.

As treatment of folk remedies used are tinctures of the fruits of horse chestnut, nettle, Kalanchoe. Popular Apple cider vinegar diluted with water in ratio of 1:10 to them before bedtime rubbed the Shin. Some people do packs of sour milk, and noted the relief in the legs and the disappearance of pain.

Meanwhile, the reader will probably agree that when reticular varicose veins diagnosed by a single symptom (the intricate pattern on the skin of one of the lower limbs), and occurring without any other symptoms, to treat a cosmetic defect long and hard folk or pharmacy means hardly anyone will want. Young women who are interested in the beauty of your own legs are likely to look for a clinic that offers to get rid of the problem in one fell swoop, and older people probably won't give value for the cellular network, if the larger veins remained unaltered and do not cause any inconvenience.

28.06.2019