Causes, symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

causes, symptoms and treatment of varicose veins in the legs

According to statistics, 30% of women and 10% of men suffer from varicose veins. This problem is more common among people aged 30-40. Places of manifestation of the disease: arms, shoulders, rectal wall, esophagus, bladder. As a rule, varicose veins on the legs most often make themselves felt, the symptoms of which are a serious aesthetic problem.

What is varicose veins on the legs

Varicose veins affect the saphenous and deep veins. The latter lose their elasticity and original shape, expand, bulge strongly and become sinuous. As a result, seals are formed - "spider veins". What is varicose veins in the legs, why does it develop?

The real problem is the blood flow misdirection. The venous system of the legs consists of superficial, connective and deep veins, in which there are special valves, consisting of two cusps that close and prevent the reverse movement of blood. With the expansion of superficial veins, the closure of the valves becomes loose. For this reason, blood is passed in the opposite direction, and a supply is formed in the superficial veins.

Then everything develops sequentially. Since there is more blood in the connective veins, therefore, the load on them has increased, and they also begin to expand. Blood, which should completely pass into the deep veins, seeps back into the superficial ones, thereby expanding them even more. As a result, noticeable bulging veins appear on the legs.

A consequence of the formation of reverse blood flow is a slowdown in the movement of blood, and this is already a probable cause of thrombosis, which impedes the free flow of blood in the veins.

Varicose veins on the legs: symptoms and stages

Varicose veins on the legs are manifested by the following symptoms:

  1. pain in problem areas;
  2. leg cramps;
  3. burning inside the veins;
  4. edema;
  5. pigmentation and thickening;
  6. purple or purple vein walls;
  7. trophic ulcers.

The first four symptoms are characteristic of the initial stage of varicose veins, and the following ones - for the progressive form.

Varicose veins: causes

Varicose veins of the lower extremities occur under the influence of a number of reasons:

  • being overweight;
  • nervous disorders;
  • smoking;
  • alcohol consumption;
  • excessive sunburn;
  • frequent use of the sauna;
  • abuse of hot baths;
  • wearing tight socks, stockings.

Below we will take a closer look at other causes of varicose veins on the legs, identified by doctors.

  1. Genetic predisposition.If the parents had varicose veins, then, most likely, their children will develop this ailment (the probability is up to 75%).
  2. Nuances of work.Often, the pathology under consideration is characteristic of people doing standing work. In this position, excessive pressure is exerted on the legs. People working while sitting also suffer from varicose veins. We are talking about the so-called "computer varicose veins".
  3. Hormonal imbalance.The disease makes itself felt in the fairer sex during puberty. Often the ailment is diagnosed in pregnant women, in women with menopause. Hormonal disturbances can lead to blood stasis.
  4. Age transformations.With age, the walls of venous vessels lose their elasticity and plasticity, the functionality of the valves is impaired, and this can lead to venous congestion and subsequent expansion of the veins.

Traditional methods of treating varicose veins

An effective treatment strategy involves an integrated approach. Medication procedures are complemented by adjuvant therapy. Traditional methods have proven themselves well (especially in the initial stages).

  • One of the most effective folk remedies is chopped garlic (with white husks) and butter (ratio - 1: 2). The mixture is rubbed with problem areas, on top of the legs are wrapped with parchment paper (you can use a bandage, scarf). In the morning, the mixture is washed off, and something warm is put on your feet.
  • In the summer, slices of green tomatoes are tied to diseased veins at night, in winter, tomato paste is tied. The lycopene contained in tomatoes protects the walls of blood vessels from overheating, increases their elasticity, and lowers blood pressure.
  • Kalanchoe will help alleviate the course of the disease. The product is prepared in a liter jar, into which the leaves are poured 1/2, and then alcohol is poured (70%). The medicine is infused for two weeks. It is advisable to shake the solution daily. The resulting infusion is used to lubricate the legs and feet before going to bed. The tool relieves pain well.
  • Fresh potatoes can also relieve pain. Rub a few potatoes on a grater, apply the gruel to your feet for about 4 hours.
  • Make a dandelion root ointment. The root is dried and crushed. The resulting powder is poured with water and boiled until thickened. Then pork fat is added. You should get a creamy mass. Store the ointment in the refrigerator.

In addition to external products, there are recipes for decoctions that improve blood circulation.

Prevention of varicose veins in the legs

Compliance with preventive measures will help to avoid the development and further progression of the disease. Experts recommend the following:

  • At the first symptoms of varicose veins on the legs, you need to contact a specialist who will advise you on blood thinners.
  • In case of mild pain, it is necessary to provide the feet with an elevation. While lying or sitting, place a pillow under your feet. It is also good to do the exercise in compression stockings.
  • A good preventive measure is a cool shower. Low temperature is good for blood circulation, it hardens blood vessels. Therefore, it is highly recommended to massage your feet with a cold shower, especially if you have massage attachments. Hot baths, prolonged tanning, hot wax depilation are prohibited - these are factors contributing to the development of the disease.
  • Baths with infusion of calendula, St. John's wort, horsetail or horse chestnut are useful. Even sea salt or regular salt will do. The duration of the procedure is half an hour.
  • If you have a sedentary job, remember to do a simple exercise. With your legs crossed, rotate your upper foot clockwise. So 15 rotations of each foot.
  • Calf Raises are the right solution. Stand on your heels and, holding your hand to the wall, make smooth rolls onto your toes. So a couple of dozen times. Basically, any physical activity, even a regular walk, will improve blood circulation.
  • Increase the proportion of foods rich in vitamin E in your diet. These are egg yolk, wheat, beans, cabbage, dill. Also, the venous system needs vitamin R. Therefore, it is necessary to consume more foods that contain it: peanuts, walnuts, green tea, citrus fruits.

Besides all this, remember the basic rules:

  1. eat less fatty foods;
  2. do not cross one leg over the other;
  3. Avoid tights with tight elastic bands or tight socks, uncomfortable shoes and too high heels.

Treatment of varicose veins is not an easy process. If you are at risk, then carry out prevention in advance.

Knowing the causes of varicose veins of the legs and finding the first symptoms, take care of its elimination and consult a doctor.

Healthy eating, following the recommendations of doctors, folk recipes will help relieve pain, stop the development of the disease, get rid of its manifestations.

01.03.2021