Is there a panacea, or how to treat varicose veins on the legs

Varicose veins prevent healthy people from living, and this is a fact that cannot be denied. The disease became a reward for walking upright, so initially humanity was doomed. Pleases only one thing, nowadays they know how to treat varicose veins on the legs, using combined therapy for this. Often these are not only qualified specialists, but also traditional medicine doctors, so it is important to understand who to turn to for help.

Before and after treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities

How the venous system works

The veins carry blood from the tissues to the heart. Deep veins in the legs are stronger and more voluminous, which means that they perform several times more work. As for the superficial arteries, they do only about 15% of the total work.

Exercising, walking, relaxing muscles - all this allows you to direct the blood downward. However, with the help of special valves, it is no longer passed back. Damaged valves promote vasodilation, they become inflamed, and blood flows are difficult to hold.

Gradually, the blood stagnates in the legs, and the veins begin to swell and bulge outward. Blood circulation in the lower extremities is impaired, at this stage VRV occurs.

Etiology of the disease

Difference between a healthy and a varicose leg

Regardless of what caused the development of the disease, it can lead to disastrous consequences. The general principles of the onset of pathology are a decrease in tone in the vessels of the legs, valve inferiority. Below we will look at the main risk factors for VRV.

Decreased venous tone

A large number of factors affect a full-fledged venous tone. The bacteria that appear during rheumatism and other inflammatory processes can have a negative effect.

The muscle corset in women can weaken due to progesterone, this helps her to safely carry and give birth to a baby. A congenital feature of veins is that for a long time they have no muscular frame.

Valve defective

Each vein must have a valve - endothelial processes. By their structure, they are thin, which is why they easily lend themselves to varicose expansion. At the moment when the blood begins to move up, the valves are pressed against the walls, this is a signal that there are no obstacles in its path.

Minor muscle weakness causes blood to return downward. At the same time, the valves begin to open and a sharp return does not work. When the phenomenon occurs often, the valves can be injured, which means that they will not be able to fully perform their functions.

Increased venous pressure

According to scientific calculations, approximately 70% of the blood in the human body overcomes the force of gravity. When a person spends a lot of time standing, the venous pressure in the leg area rises.

Other factors can contribute to this: pregnancy, weight lifting. As a result, the valves can also be injured, their closing functions will be impaired.

The load on the muscles of the lower extremities is insufficient

With each muscle contraction in the legs, the soft walls of the veins are compressed, this contributes to the full movement of blood upward. With a sedentary lifestyle, the muscles will not perform their functions fully, the blood is processed weaker.

Stagnation of blood contributes to the formation of dilated vessels, gradually they begin to swell, become tortuous. The patient will feel an unpleasant feeling of heaviness.

The reasons for the development of the disease in different sexes

Any doctor can say that the causes of the development of pathology in men and women may differ slightly from each other.

The following factors can contribute to the appearance of varicose veins in women:

  • a woman is carrying a baby;
  • has been taking hormones for a long time;
  • climax;
  • an inflammatory process develops in the pelvic organs.

Many ladies like to wear high-heeled shoes, because of the compression of the limbs, pathology can develop. If the work involves a seated position, it is recommended to spend at least a little time outdoors at the end of the day.

In men, the disease can develop slightly for other reasons:

  • men are often involved in sports related to strength loads;
  • overweight;
  • diseases of internal organs.

Attention! The problem is that most men ignore the first symptoms of the disease, and they turn to doctors at an advanced stage.

Varicose veins in the legs in men show the same symptoms as in women.

Is varicose veins dangerous for women?

An example of how a vein valve closes and opens

Why are varicose veins on the legs dangerous in women? The most harmless is the ugly appearance. Nodes, spider veins - none of these lovely female legs can decorate them. Naturally, ladies are worried and depressed.

It all starts with the fact that the venous outflow is disturbed, there is venous insufficiency. After a while, nodes will appear on the problem vessels.

They do not cause much discomfort, periodically there is a slight pain. As time passes, the deep veins will begin to expand.

In the third stage of the disease, the legs will constantly swell, a feeling of heaviness will appear. The skin around the ankles will begin to darken.

Eczema may appear at this stage. Thrombophlebitis develops in ¼ of sick women. This is due to the slow outflow of blood.

Is varicose veins dangerous for men?

Why are varicose veins on the legs dangerous in men? If you do not start treatment on time, a large number of complications can arise. In a severe form of the disease, thrombophlebitis, gangrene, and leg ulcers will begin to develop.

For men, the disease is dangerous because it can spread to the groin and pelvic organs. In 15% of men, varicose veins contribute to the development of varicocele. With this disease, the veins in the seminal canals expand.

Pathology symptoms:

  • the scrotum becomes asymmetrical;
  • vessels swell strongly;
  • groin pain;
  • sperm production is impaired.

It is possible to detect the disease at the initial stage of development only with the help of ultrasound examination. Pathology is difficult to treat, and therapy should be started as soon as possible. Otherwise, infertility will begin to develop.

Variation of veins in the pelvic organs is fraught with many complications. When urinating disorders, disruption of the genital organs.

You can recognize the disease by the following symptoms:

  • aching pain in the groin and lower back;
  • pain may occur after intercourse or after urination;
  • vessels on the thighs and in the buttock area swell.

Both surgical methods and drugs can be used for treatment.

Diagnostics

In order to start treatment as early as possible, it is necessary to timely diagnose the pathology. For women, this is usually not a problem. After all, representatives of the fair sex are much more likely to visit medical institutions for the purpose of examination, which cannot be said about men. Hence the early detection of the disease in them.

The following methods are used for diagnosis:

  1. Visual inspectionis the very first research method that is still used today. Even if the pathology has just begun to develop, it can be detected by palpation. In this case, it is important that the patient is in a standing position.
  2. Ultrasound examinationis a modern and precise research method. It is safe for the human body. It is possible not only to identify the degree of development of the disease, but also to determine the cause of such a deviation.
  3. X-ray diagnosticsis a modern research method. A special dye is injected into a vein, as it moves, the doctor will identify problem areas and determine their structure. This is the most accurate research method to date.

The last two studies are used only in the last stages of varicose veins.

The photo below is an example of the study:

Ultrasound examination of varicose veins of the legs

Heal or Torment

In fact, the classic word "treatment" of the procedure for varicose veins can be called only in the initial stages, at any other degrees it will be relative. The more you run the situation, the more likely it is that you will have to get rid of the vessel, and not “repair” it.

And there are no “fix” options as such. The veins are glued together, removed, hardened, but never returned to their original appearance, so do not wait for development and consult a doctor in the near future.

Prevention was invented so as not to be cured

Yes, the easiest way to cure is prevention and no one has died from it yet, so think about it seriously. How to treat varicose veins in the legs is a silly question if you are thinking about avoiding the disease.

Swimming, walking, running, Pilates, water aerobics will provide the most high-quality treatment, practically without the intervention of a doctor, again if you do it on time.

And if:

  • find a competent coach;
  • maintain normal weight;
  • wear the right clothes and shoes;
  • limit loads;
  • take walks;
  • give up bad habits,

then in general there will be nothing to be afraid of, and varicose veins are unlikely to affect your vessels. Such measures are advisable when you probably know that one of the relatives has varicose veins.

Nordic walking - prevention of varicose veins

Doctor, prescribe a pill so that once and for all

Humanity continues to seek magic pills for everything, definitely thinking that a panacea is salvation for everyone. Until a panacea has been invented, so pills for varicose veins should be eaten separately.

These tablets are produced for the complex treatment of varicose veins or are used in the early stages of the disease. Doctors usually know how to treat incipient varicose veins on the legs with pills.

These can be different classes of drugs:

Drug group Action Release form
Anticoagulants against blood clotting
  • tablets;
  • injections;
  • ointments.
Phlebotonics
  • reduces the elasticity of veins, increases their tone;
  • improves microcirculation.
  • tablets;
  • ointments.
Non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory
drugs
relieve pain
  • tablets;
  • ointments.
Vitamins general strengthening action.
  • syrups;
  • tablets;
  • dragee.

Is it that simple?

In fact, the use of pharmacological drugs alone does not bear any fruit, for the treatment to be successful, it is better to group preventive measures and pills.

Pay attention! Before treating varicose veins on the legs with medication, consult a doctor, because it is he who knows which drug should be used at certain stages of the development of the disease.

Compression garments

This is how this phrase should sound if you are decided to be robbed. It is very important to use compression garments, and initially purchase compression garments.

Many people think that buying compression underwear is a robbery in itself, and those who use it know that the money was not in vain, and do not suffer in the evenings from pain in the legs, unlike those who neglected this advice.

How to cure varicose veins in the legs without using compression garments? No, this measure applies even to the postoperative period, not to mention playing sports, or everyday activities that require movement.

Let's talk about operations

The devil is not so scary as he is painted, in most cases, strip iterations do not do and you will obviously not have a half-leg scar. Surgical treatment of varicose veins involves something different.

The introduction of a sclerosing substance into a vessel

So:

  1. Stick.Yes, just glue the vessel in the place of expansion. A thin needle is injected into the lumen of a substance that narrows the vessel, and then glues the walls of the vessels and the blood no longer passes through it, successfully circulating through others, since people have more than one vessel for the entire leg.
  2. Cut. It is also possible, this is the same gigantic operation that you presented at the very beginning. Nowadays, it is not so painful, according to the Varadi method, removing the damaged part through 2 or 3 punctures (Phlebectomy).
  3. Burn. A fairly abstract representation of a very common laser treatment, and along the way the answer to the question of how to treat varicose veins in the legs. A laser light-emitting diode is inserted into the vessel, and the procedure is started under ultrasound control. The walls of the vessel also stick to each other, and the lumen disappears (Laser Coagulation).
  4. RF Removal. The price for such operations is often overpriced, but this is not surprising, because this method is used only when laser coagulation is contraindicated (Radiofrequency Surgery).
  5. Steam as a cure.This type of treatment is suitable for branched vessels that are affected by varicose veins (Steam method).

Pay attention! Any type of surgical intervention, even minimally invasive, requires preparation. Instructions for preoperative preparation may vary, so be sure to check with specialists what and how to do on the day of the operation.

All methods are quite common, of which there are both expensive and completely free. In general, all minimally invasive methods are expensive, but the price justifies the means, because it is after such methods that you can throw crutches and walk, in the literal sense, within 1-2 hours after the operation.

Flying gait

You won't be able to flutter out of May, especially in cases where varicose veins have been tortured since September. If we are guided by logic, then an untreated disease is still a disaster, especially since it develops in rapid leaps forward.

Flying gait with varicose veins - and why not!

If you do not want to become a record holder for varicose leaps, and the doctor is hundreds of kilometers away from you, in such a situation you will have to treat varicose veins with your own hands. It's actually not so bad if you notice varicose veins in the initial stages.

What to do in such a situation when there is no access to a doctor:

  1. Exercise therapyis available anywhere in the world. It is good to remember and perform the exercises that are recommended ("Scissors", "Bicycle", toe raises, walking on toes and heels) and then on a desert island you are not afraid of varicose veins. Daily exercise is not a universal answer to the question of how to cure varicose veins in the legs, but just a delay until an ambulance helicopter arrives.
  2. Water procedures. Water has a very beneficial effect on reducing the feeling of heaviness, and walking provides vascular tone. In ordinary life, patients are advised to rinse their feet with cool water, but if the sea line is at your fingertips, then it is a sin not to take advantage of this.
  3. Observe preventive measures. Since it will not work to cure varicose veins on the legs in artisanal conditions, it is important to prevent all prerequisites for its development. Try to eat right and sleep with something under your feet that will raise them above the level of your heart. It all depends on ingenuity, usually patients use rolled blankets or pillows, but in exceptional cases, you should act accordingly.

If there are no other health problems, then as soon as the opportunity arises, it is important to go to the doctor. To find out which doctor treats varicose veins on the legs in a particular clinic, you will have to contact the registry.

This can be a phlebologist, angiologist or, in extreme cases, a surgeon. The narrower the specialty, the more difficult the names are: phlebologist-angiologist, angiosurgeon. However, all these doctors are directly related to the treatment of varicose veins on the legs, and not only on the legs.

Prevention of varicose veins is available even on a desert island

What other ways are there

Physiotherapy is a necessary step in the treatment of varicose veins. How and how to treat varicose veins on the legs in the physiotherapy room, the doctor will say, he must also tell you about the side effects that you should be afraid of.

Traditional methods of treatment

It is possible to treat the disease in women and men both by traditional methods and by means of traditional medicine. For many centuries, these recipes have been studied and tested, so we can safely talk about their effectiveness.

Honey, garlic and lemon

The most effective remedy used to treat varicose veins is garlic and oil, lemon and honey. Thus, you can clean the blood vessels, prevent the formation of blood clots and congestion.

Chop a few cloves of garlic, mix with butter, wrap the resulting mixture in cheesecloth and attach to the problem area, wrap something warm on top. Leave the compress overnight, rinse with water in the morning and then apply a cream with a venotonic effect.

Using Datura

It is possible to treat the disease with the help of medicinal herbs, they clean the blood vessels, strengthen their walls. The most effective remedy is dope seeds.

Instructions for making the tincture:

  1. Prepare 70 grams of raw material.
  2. Place it in a container and fill it with alcohol.

Take a few drops for 20 days, then take a break and repeat the course of treatment again. You can use seed tincture not only for internal, but also for external use. Soak a bandage in it, and then apply it to the problem area.

Important! Datura contains poisonous substances; tincture can be used only after consulting a doctor.

Green Tomatoes

You can get rid of BPV by using green tomatoes. The vegetable helps relieve pain, relieves swelling and a feeling of heaviness in the legs. To achieve the result, you need to undergo a course of treatment: apply externally for three weeks, then take a break for two weeks.

Green tomatoes are especially effective during the summer. They contain a lot of lycopene, which is known to be an antioxidant of plant origin.

It can be used to increase the elasticity of blood vessels. Moreover, tomatoes can be used not only for the use of compresses, but also for internal use.

Nettle Treatment

The plant is effective, but you can use it only after consulting a doctor, as there are many contraindications. The fact is that nettles can thicken the blood. Pour the leaves of the plant with hot water, put on fire and bring to a boil.

Let it brew for two hours, then take 1/3 cup several times a day. Take a course of treatment in two weeks, take a month break and repeat it again.

Drug Treatment

Medication therapy allows you to stop the further progression of the disease, relieve pain, heaviness in the legs and other unpleasant sensations. Medicines are used without fail.

It is up to the physician to decide exactly how this therapy will take place. It is necessary to take into account the patient's age, individual characteristics, the severity of the disease, etc. Self-medication, that is, taking pills without consulting a doctor, should be refrained from.

Venotonic

The most popular drugs used to treat varicose veins are in the venotonic group.

Preparations strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Relieve puffiness and pain, fatigue in the legs. In order to achieve the desired result, it is necessary to take medications systematically.

Alternative treatments

Massage for varicose veins

Phlebologists say that it is necessary to treat varicose veins in a timely manner. The therapy should be complemented by many methods - massage, gymnastics, and so on.

Benefits of Gymnastics

Physiotherapy exercises are a good addition to complex treatment. Gymnastics cannot completely eliminate the disease, but it will improve the general condition and functioning of the veins.

Even healthy people can exercise simply for the purpose of prevention. A doctor should select them. The progression of pathology, the presence of concomitant diseases, etc. should be taken into account.

Is massage useful?

If there are no contraindications, you can supplement the treatment with massage. Strong pressing should not be allowed, otherwise destruction of capillaries and small vessels can be provoked. Movements should be bottom-up.

It is recommended to use almond oil as a supplement. Such therapy will be an excellent addition, it is possible to eliminate congestion, as well as normalize the outflow of lymph and blood.

Compression garments

The compressive effect improves microcirculation, eliminates congestion. It is necessary to carry out treatment in this way under the supervision of a physician. It is necessary to choose socks and tights correctly, taking into account the degree of compression.

Topical preparations should be used before putting on stockings. Give preference to creams and gels, their base should not be greasy.

Radical treatments

Gymnastics, drugs, folk methods may not have the desired effect. If the pathology progresses rapidly, it is necessary to use minimally invasive and radical methods.

Phlebectomy

For treatment of advanced varicose veins, it is necessary to remove the affected veins. Through small incisions along the leg, a portion of the affected vein is removed. Previously, the patient must undergo a number of examinations.

Epidural or general anesthesia is given beforehand. After the manipulations, no stitches are applied; with the help of special plasters, the edges of the wound are pulled together. The recovery period lasts no more than three weeks. All this time it is necessary to wear compression underwear.

Stripping

The procedure is aimed at removing the affected veins.

The operation proceeds as follows:

  • a probe is inserted into the lumen of the affected vein;
  • a small incision is made along the affected vein;
  • One piece of the probe is attached to the vein and pulled out.

The main advantage is minimal trauma. It is recommended to carry out at the third stage of the disease, while other methods are not effective. The risk of recurrence of the pathology is minimal.

Laser surgery

Laser removal of affected veins should be given special attention. This is the most modern, safe and effective method of treatment. For the procedure, you do not need to make incisions at the site of the affected area. A special light guide is inserted under ultrasound control, the affected veins are glued together. This is the most accurate procedure, healthy veins are not affected. Everyone should know how to treat varicose veins on the legs in men and women. At the slightest suspicion of a disease, you should consult your doctor.

Is it varicose veins

If in doubt - contact us, no doctor has bitten a patient yet for coming on time. The problem of queuing is almost gone these days, thanks to paid centers and wealthy people.

It is not money that matters, but health, so do not skimp, but find a normal specialist so as not to rack your brains, figuring out whether the doctor said the right thing. Even a free doctor can be a great specialist. To understand how varicose veins on the legs are treated, you need to listen to your doctor, and carefully follow the instructions.

Phlebologist consultation

What are the consequences

If you refuse all measures regarding the treatment of varicose veins, then everything will be bad, and ulcers will form on the legs, or thrombophlebitis will develop, neither one nor the other has pleasant consequences, and it is not appropriate to risk health. It is easier to say that a person with varicose veins risks his life, condemning himself to pain, cramps, bleeding, eczema, thrombosis.

Common actions for smart people

This article is designed for sane people who have already understood that the success of treatment depends on the timing of treatment, and how a specialist decides to treat varicose veins in the legs. If the patient is checked every 1-2 years, then most likely everything will be fine, and an experienced doctor will immediately notice all the manifestations of the disease and, moreover, will take up the treatment immediately.

05.03.2021