Varicose veins, or varicose veins, when the walls of the vessels through which blood flows from tissues to the heart become wider, deformed and perform their functions worse, people over 50 years old are more likely to suffer, but the disease can manifest itself at a younger age. Enlarged, inflamed external fine veins usually appear on the legs and feet. What is the cause of this disease? Are there natural remedies to treat it? Is it possible to prevent the manifestation of varicose veins? We will tell you about this from this article.
If you've ever heard that folding one leg over the other makes it harder for blood to circulate, don't worry: it's a myth. By examining your arms and legs, you will be able to notice blue lines on your skin. These are the veins that carry blood to your body.
The difference between healthy veins and varicose veins
Blood is used to transport oxygen and nutrients to your organs, tissues and cells through the circulatory system. Without it, you would not be able to live, eat, breathe, or sleep.
Veins are usually blue (sometimes deep blue or even purple) because the blood is deprived of oxygen as it returns to the heart to complete the circle. Veins affected by varicose veins look like wriggling roots on the surface of the skin. Sometimes they swell up and look unattractive. These enlarged veins can form anywhere on your body, but most often appear on your legs (usually on your thighs, lower legs, or on the inside of your legs).
Athletes also have veins, but they are different from varicose veins. If the veins of a muscular person are smooth, then the veins of a patient with varicose veins are curved and stiff. They not only spoil a person's appearance, but are also an indicator of serious health problems.
Consult your doctor if you notice varicose veins on your legs, or if you experience muscle tightness or pain. Also, the symptoms of varicose veins include:
- Painful sensations in the legs
- Burning, swelling, tingling in the legs
- The pain worsens if the patient is in a sitting or lying position for a long time.
- Vein bleeding.
- Itching around one or more veins.
Causes of occurrence
Venous valves regulate blood flow in the desired direction. If the valve does not work, problems begin: the blood stagnates and accumulates, preventing the flow from moving on.
Veins in the muscles are called deep veins. Because of their location, they are better supported while transporting blood back to the heart. The veins that are located on the outer layers of the skin are called superficial veins. Because there are no muscles near the superficial veins to support them and help deliver blood, the superficial muscles are more likely to suffer from varicose veins.
What else leads to varicose veins?
- Overweight. Due to the extra weight, your legs have to carry extra weight.
- Lack of movement. If you sit or stand for long periods of time, your veins become more tense because they push blood through your circulatory system to your heart.
- Age. The older a person is, the weaker his blood valves, therefore, in old people they no longer work as before.
- Pregnancy. When a newborn develops by stretching the uterus, it presses on the veins. The situation usually improves 3 months after delivery.
- Hormonal changes- hormones usually change during adolescence, pregnancy and menopause. It is because of this that varicose veins are more common among women. Hormonal contraception and hormone replacement therapy also increase the risk of varicose veins.
- Genetics- if your family members have had varicose veins, then you are most likely at risk. Also, some people may be born with very weak vein valves that are prone to varicose veins.
In serious cases of varicose veins, surgical operations are often resorted to, the cost of which is quite high for one leg and many cannot afford such an expensive treatment. Prophylaxis will cost you much less, but it is useless if the symptoms have already appeared. If varicose veins are left untreated, they can erode your skin and turn into open wounds. Below are some natural ways to deal with varicose veins:
- Horse Chestnut Extractis a cheap natural and proven way to improve venous valve function.
- Grape Seed and Pine Bark Extract- Contains flavonoids, powerful antioxidants known to reduce fever and strengthen the tissue structure of blood vessel walls.
- Butcher's broom extract- This evergreen extract is used to support the health of your circulatory system by accelerating blood flow, reducing blood clots and relieving inflammation. Butchery also contains flavonoids.
- Compression underwear- there are various types of it, but the most common and effective one is compression stockings. Some can only be purchased with a prescription, while others can be purchased at a regular pharmacy. Compression stockings do not cure varicose veins, but they reduce symptoms such as pain, burning, tingling, heaviness, swelling. Some people experience when they are unable to move (for example, while riding a bus or on an airplane). With the help of compression stockings, they can minimize the risk of worsening their condition or damage to varicose veins at such times
How to prevent the formation of varicose veins?
- Eat more fiber (asparagus, root vegetables, pomegranate)
- Eat foods containing tannins (berries, zucchini, black tea, nuts)
- Eat foods containing bioflanovids (apples, cherries, grapes, blueberries, apricots)
- Eat foods that contain bromelain (pineapple, kiwi, dates, papaya)
- Remember to drink water.
Exercises for varicose veins
Developing leg muscles is the best way to prevent the serious consequences of varicose veins and keep you healthy. No matter how athletic you are, you can find exercises that are right for you. Start slowly if you haven't done it before (10 reps). Then slowly increase the number of repetitions and the time of training.
- Bicycle- lie on your back, raise your legs in the air and start rotating them in such a way as if you are sitting on a bicycle. You can do both legs at the same time, or you can do the exercise with each leg in turn. To do this, you just need to keep one of your legs calm.
- Calf Raising- while standing, slowly raise your feet and then lower them to the floor.
- Raising- when the leg rises, stop to let the blood flow from your leg. Slowly lower your leg back to the floor and repeat with the other leg.
- Side Jumps- Spread your feet hip-width apart. Step out to the side with your right foot and bend your right knee 90 degrees. Keep your left leg slightly bent. Slowly return your right leg to its original position. Repeat with the other leg.
- Walkingis a great way to get started. It does not require you to be very active, but it improves blood flow, strengthens and stretches the muscles in your legs. If you don't have much time for sports, try to walk 20-30 minutes a day.
- Elliptical or Stationary Bike- Both are suitable for low-intensity training that strengthens your muscles and improves blood flow. It is also good for your joints and bones. legs - sit on the floor or lie on your back. Keep your legs straight and then slowly start lifting one leg into the air.