Methods and ways of dealing with varicose veins

Varicose veins are an ailment from which more than half of modern people suffer from unpleasant symptoms.

The appearance of deformation of the veins on the legs is largely due to the fact that a person is a bipedal creature, the main supports of his body as a result of evolutionary processes are only the legs, while the arms perform other functions.

phlebeurysm

It is not for nothing that representatives of the animal world, leaning on four limbs, have not recorded such symptoms of varicose veins as swelling, pain in the legs protruding onto the surface of the vein skin.

This article will discuss what varicose veins are and how to deal with them.

What is venous disease

Currently, the causes and principles of the development of the disease have been studied deeply enough, and a lot of ways have been invented on how to deal with varicose veins.

But first you need to establish what constitutes varicose veins and how does it arise?

Varicose veins are characterized by malfunctioning of the internal valves of large vessels.

The result of this pathology is the following negative factors: the blood flows entering the lower extremities from the heart are not completely directed (as should occur in the body of a healthy person) in the opposite direction, as a result of which stagnation forms in the vessels of the calves of the legs, and themselvesveins undergo a process of deformation - expansion.

As the veins become more and more deformed, they protrude under the very surface of the skin, the edema is aggravated, there is a feeling of heaviness and distention in the area affected by varicose veins.

In case of further development of the disease, its next stage is the formation of blood clots in the veins (thrombi), which pose an immediate danger to life, as well as trophic ulcers, which pose a threat to amputation of the limb.

What may be the cause of the disease

Varicose veins as a serious disease occurs as a result of the presence of one or more factors. Some of them are:

  • Hereditary factor. If your mother or grandmother found venous nodules on the shins with annoyance, the likelihood that you will have to undergo treatment with a vascular surgeon increases significantly.
  • Features of the profession: this includes both specialties that involve a long stay on your feet during the day, and professional activities associated with long sitting at the workplace.
  • An unbalanced diet, uncontrolled consumption of salinity, marinades, fatty foods, strong coffee and teas, as well as soda.
  • Cigarette and alcohol abuse.
  • Excessive fullness, forcing the lower limbs to bear an increased load, and the veins in the legs to expand.
  • Hormonal surges in the body. This includes both periods of pregnancy and menopause, and long-term hormone therapy.

A dangerous disease, isn't it?

Having studied this information, most people who care about their health and strive to maintain it for a long time will ask themselves: how to deal with varicose veins in order to prevent the development of the disease and, if possible, prevent relapse?

The fight against varicose veins involves several types, directions and principles.

Among the ways how to deal with varicose veins of the legs, we can conditionally highlight the following:

Preventive Measures

Compliance by the patient with a set of rules aimed at preventing both the onset and progression of the disease. So, the fight against varicose veins at home includes the following recommendations and restrictions:

  1. A radical and critical revision of the daily wardrobe. With no regrets, get rid of unnecessarily tight, uncomfortable synthetic clothing that does not allow the skin of your feet to breathe.
    The same rule applies to shoes: all shoes and boots that deprive your feet of comfort when walking, have a high heel or an uncomfortable last, as well as made of low-quality unnatural raw materials, take them to the trash, if the hand does not rise, give them to those in need.
    Your wardrobe should contain only comfortable and comfortable clothes and shoes made from natural materials.
  2. Adjust your diet - all smoked meats, excessively fatty and sweet foods, concentrated drinks, alcohol cause blood clots, which means that now they are taboo for you.
  3. Normalize your weight, drive away the excess.
  4. Give up your cravings for alcohol and cigarettes!
  5. Take 15-20 minutes a day to complete a therapeutic complex of sports exercises. These include: side kicks, lifting limbs lying on the floor, "bicycle", rolling on toes, then on heels and vice versa, jogging on a flat path, a specially selected set of yoga asanas, and just leisurely walks are also great.
gymnastics for the prevention of varicose veins

Compression garments

Another method created to combat varicose veins on the legs involves wearing compression hosiery. These products come in three main forms: knee-highs, tights and stockings. The compression class (pulling force) of such underwear can be different:

  • I (prophylactic), recommended in the presence of initial symptoms of varicose veins, for example, capillary mesh.
  • II, used mainly for postoperative rehabilitation of venous patients.
  • III, doctors recommend such underwear to patients who have been diagnosed with such serious manifestations of varicose veins as thrombophlebitis, strong, persistent edema, trophic ulcers.
  • IV, used by patients whose limbs are affected by pathological edema, venous pathologies of a congenital nature.

Medicines

An important place among the methods of conservative therapy for the veins of the calves of the legs is occupied by medicinal methods of dealing with varicose veins, involving the use of both external agents: ointments, creams and gels, and tablets.

As a rule, the vascular doctor prescribes to the patient a whole range of medications, due to the effect of which the symptoms of varicose veins are eliminated: swelling, pain, burning and cramps, blood thickening, blood clots, intravenous inflammation.

All medications can be conditionally divided into several categories according to the principle of therapeutic effect:

  • Venotonic drugs, the action of which is aimed at strengthening the walls of diseased vessels, giving them a healthy tone, preventing further stretching and deformation.
  • Blood thinning agents that normalize blood viscosity, activating its movement inside blood vessels and arteries. These drugs also interfere with the clotting process and help dissolve existing blood clots.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs that relieve inflammation of the inner walls of blood vessels, as well as prevent their appearance.
medicines for varicose veins

There are also drugs for complex effects among medicines, for example, drugs produced in the form of gels and ointments.

It not only normalizes blood viscosity, dilutes it, relieves pain, swelling, night cramps, but also significantly reduces the risk of inflammatory processes.

Operational Methods

If conservative methods of treatment prove to be insufficiently effective and efficient, the recommendations of doctors - phlebologists will suggest surgical intervention of varying degrees of complexity.

Minimally invasive types of vein surgeries that do not involve serious surgery, general anesthesia and a long rehabilitation period. These measures to combat deformed veins include:

Sclerotherapy

With the help of a needle, a composition is injected into the diseased vessel, the action of which leads to gluing of the veins. The total procedure time can be no more than 10 minutes.

This type of varicose veins is gaining popularity.

Laser and radiofrequency ablation

Due to the laser or the frequencies entering through the probe into the vessels, they are soldered and overgrown with connective tissue.

These methods are effective only in cases where varicose veins are affected by superficial veins with a diameter of no more than 5 millimeters, located directly under the skin, and the disease itself has not passed into severe stages, accompanied by damage to large areas of veins.

The rehabilitation period after these types of surgical intervention is not required, the patient is recommended only to correct the lifestyle, exercise therapy, take medications and wear compression hosiery.

If the deep vessels of the calves of the legs, located in the thickness of the muscles, are affected by varicose veins, the patient is overweight, or the diameter of the diseased veins is more than 5 millimeters, and also with a combination of these factors, there are indications for classical surgical intervention: phlebectomy or microflebectomy.

The recommended type of surgical intervention depends, first of all, on the degree of development and severity of the lesion of the venous vessels.

Microflebectomy

This type of intervention involves resection of micro-areas of diseased veins, when a venous vessel is removed through an incision in soft tissues using a special needle with a rounded end, and the affected area of the vein is excised.

Recovery after such an operation with the use of local anesthesia lasts about 5-7 days, after which the patient can return to normal life, provided that the compression underwear is worn.

Classic phlebectomy

This operation involves the removal of a diseased vessel completely (or a large part of it), is carried out under general anesthesia, and involves a long rehabilitation period due to its seriousness and rather high trauma.

classic phlebectomy for varicose veins

This type of treatment is recommended in severe stages of varicose veins, when all the ways to deal with it have not brought the desired result, and dangerous symptoms of the disease are still present and pose a serious threat to the patient's health and life.

Conclusion

The conclusion of this article is the following conclusion: varicose veins are an insidious, painful and intractable disease that affects people regardless of gender, age and income.

The fight against the symptoms of varicose veins, as a rule, takes a long time, it hurts a lot and does not always allow to eliminate the disease completely, without the risk of relapse.

Therefore, any modern person needs to carefully monitor the state of his health, not to ignore the symptoms of varicose veins, so as not to face a problem later: how to deal with it?

As you know, disease prevention is the best treatment. Adhere to a healthy lifestyle, adjust your diet, devote time to physical activity. Fight addictions.

Be careful, don't self-medicate! Good health and great well-being!

14.03.2021