The symptoms of varicose veins on the legs and the treatment depend on each other. When varicose veins on the legs have just begun to develop, it can be stopped by taking specialized medications and applying creams. They will help weakened vessels to restore their former tone. If the signs of varicose veins of the legs began to appear stronger, i. e. spider veins and severe edema appear, then it is worth resorting to apparatus therapy that restores normal blood circulation.
Not all patients know how to properly treat varicose veins of the legs without surgery. Some suggest that taking herbs and using homemade ointments can help, but these are only a small part of the methods for treating varicose veins on the legs that are effective in the initial stages of the disease. When the symptoms of varicose veins on the legs become permanent, you need to consult a doctor who prescribes the necessary medications and advises how to treat a particular patient. We will further consider the most popular methods of treating varicose veins of the lower extremities (VLD).
As we mentioned earlier, the form of varicose veins affects the characteristics of its treatment. In the early stages, doctors try to get by with drug therapy. One of its advantages is the absence of direct surgical intervention. But even if varicose veins of the lower extremities have passed into the second stage, you cannot stop taking medications. They will help improve blood flow with varicose veins and prevent further stretching of the vascular wall.
These funds increase the tone of blood vessels in the legs. They can be used to treat veins that are close to the surface of the legs. If deep veins are affected by the disease, then ointments and gels will not help, becausethey cannot penetrate muscle barriers. Treatment of varicose veins on the legs is carried out with the following drugs:
If the expansion of the veins in the legs progresses or during the examination it was revealed that the patient has weak and thin veins, then the doctors prescribe pills.
If the patient has small veins affected, then the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be carried out by introducing various drugs that have a gluing effect on the vessels. Most often, iodine-based products or synthetic sclerosing substances are used. The advantage of these drugs is that they do not provoke thrombosis, but simply burn the vascular wall. Injections with animal proteins can also be given, but they are used very rarely.
Expansion of the veins of the lower extremities cannot always be cured with conventional injections and medication. In the advanced stages of the disease, a hardware effect on the affected vessels will be required. The essence of all procedures is to stop or eliminate the affected vein. If the patient has contraindications to the use of lasers, nitrogen and other chemicals, then the destroyed vessels are removed surgically. When treating varicose veins, the patient can be directed to:
Each method of treatment has positive, negative features and is suitable only for a specific type of varicose veins. Latent varicose veins of the lower extremities are rarely treated with surgery. In this case, the only effective way to eliminate it is to apply clips over the entire surface of the vein. The operation is very difficult and is extremely rare if vasodilatation threatens the patient's life.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities can be treated with sclerosants. They damage the vessel, which leads to its further drying out. After the introduction of sclerosant, strains are formed in 2-4 months, but patients notice the first advantages of the procedure 10-15 days after the operation. The most significant plus of this procedure is the absence of incisions on the skin. There is also a minus. Not all patients have a damaged vein shut off from the bloodstream. In about 30% of patients, it regenerates, and the disease continues to develop further. Sclerotherapy stages:
When conservative treatment for varicose veins on the legs does not help at all, there is a risk of developing chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) of the lower extremities and minimally invasive methods of influencing the veins do not work, doctors refer the patient to phlebectomy. This operation is performed in order to remove large bundles of excessively dilated sections of blood vessels. The patient must be given anesthesia. Most often, doctors resort to combined phlebectomy. The operation is carried out as follows:
Phlebectomy can include one or more stages, or all of them. The number of procedures depends on the degree of neglect of the disease. In modern clinics, laser phlebectomy is practiced. The very essence of the operation remains the same, but instead of specialized surgical instruments, a laser is used. The advantages of this method are obvious. The incisions themselves become smaller and patients rehabilitate faster. But not at all stages of varicose veins it can be applied.
To get legs without varicose veins, it is not necessary to sacrifice the beauty of the skin. With the help of radiofrequency ablation, you can get rid of damaged vessels in a couple of minutes. Through a small puncture, high-frequency radio waves are transmitted through a special needle into the veins. They injure the vessel wall, which leads to its reduction and replacement by connective tissue. The patient is in the hospital for only 1 day.
This procedure is performed for varicose veins in the legs of the initial stage. A specialized rubber suit is put on the patient, and then air is injected into him. Artificial pressure is created on the veins, which contributes to the return of their tone. Some patients note that after undergoing a course of compression therapy, the amount of cellulite on their body has decreased.
This is a modern method of treating leg veins. It is characterized by low tissue trauma, so many patients try to get into this particular procedure. The essence of the operation is that a laser light guide is inserted through a small size into the damaged vein, which seals it. The doctor has to carefully move the device along the entire length of the vessel. After the operation, there are no scars or other side effects.
When the sural veins and perforators are dilated, this surgical method is used. With varicose veins of the lower extremities, trophic ulcers are often observed in patients. By itself, the defeat of the sural or perforating veins cannot provoke the appearance of skin disorders. This ailment develops against the background of circulatory failure. In order to normalize it, endoscopic dissection is performed. Stage of the procedure:
Cold temperatures can be used to treat leg veins. The method is considered completely safe, but it is rarely used, becausethere is no guarantee that varicose veins will completely disappear after such therapy. Contrary to popular belief, the operation does not use any chemicals, but a cryoprobe. It is cooled to a certain extent, which leads to a burn of the vessel. An inexperienced doctor can damage the tissues located next to the vessel during the operation.
When the first symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities occur, some doctors recommend resorting to physiotherapy. The essence of the procedure is that ozone is injected intravenously. The drug is strictly dosed, becauseToo much can damage blood cells. The effect of ozone therapy is the same as that of other treatments that damage blood vessels.
With symptoms of varicose veins of the main veins of the legs, doctors prescribe the wearing of compression underwear for treatment. A doctor should help with the choice of knitwear and degrees of compression. In case of segmental varicose veins of the lower extremities, it is recommended to wear underwear of the 2nd degree of compression. His blood pressure will be 32 mm Hg. If you are just thinking about how to deal with varicose veins on your legs, but you have no visible signs of the disease, then for the sake of experiment you can purchase underwear with the first degree of compression. Knitwear of 3 and 4 degrees of compression in pharmacies can be bought only by a doctor's prescription.
When treating varicose veins in the legs with the help of healers' recipes, you need to be extremely careful. First, some plants and herbs thin the blood. If your platelet and hemoglobin levels are normal, then they cannot be treated. Secondly, no fees can replace drug therapy. You cannot refuse to take medications. For varicose veins, the following recipes are considered effective:
At the initial stages of varicose veins of the legs, patients with "thick" blood are referred for treatment with leeches. The effect of the procedure will not appear instantly. You need to go through at least 5-6 sessions to notice the first improvement. 2 leeches are placed on the area most damaged by varicose veins, and then a couple more are attached along the entire length of the vein. The course of treatment is repeated every 3 months.
First of all, absolutely all people need to learn how to sit properly. Twisting the lower limbs and the more traditional throwing of the legs over the legs leads to the fact that the blood flow in the veins is disturbed. As a result, under the influence of physical forces, the vessels stretch and varicose veins of the lower extremities appear. The good news is that at this stage zero, disease progression can be reversed, but not all people are willing to give up the habit. Methods for the prevention of varicose veins of the lower extremities include:
At all stages of varicose veins, it is necessary to adhere to a balanced diet. Foods with high cholesterol should be excluded. If the patient loves beef or pork, then he should not fry them in oil. It is allowed to bake or boil fatty meat. Doctors recommend eating more foods that contain protein, magnesium, calcium, and selenium. These include beans, almost all types of fruits, walnuts.
Non-surgical treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities includes the implementation of certain physical exercises. It is allowed to do squats, leg swings and any exercises that involve working with your own weight. It is necessary to completely exclude from training exercises with large weights (50-60 kg), flexion and extension of the trunk on a chair, long runs. The most effective exercises for varicose veins:
Stretching and warm-up always starts in the upper body. You cannot immediately start active training or warm up only your legs, becausethis will not help improve the condition of the vascular system. You can also walk on the spot. With a significant excess of body mass index, it is recommended to first lose weight, and then start training.