Varicose veins of the lower extremities is a dangerous disease that in the early stages can go unnoticed for men and women. Many symptoms can be attributed to simple fatigue of the legs. It is very important to identify the signs indicating an ailment in time and consult a doctor for treatment.
Varicose veins are an ailment characterized by loss of elasticity of the veins, their dilation and stretching. Inside the vessels, the blood flow meets an obstacle in the form of valves that supply blood in a metered manner. When there are disturbances in the mechanism, the red fluid flows unhindered: as a result, its stagnation occurs in the legs. Improper functioning of the valves leads to the fact that the veins, filled with blood, stretch.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities can be caused by the following reasons:
Signs of primary varicose veins of the legs can be expressed only by cosmetic disorders. In this case, the main signal is the protruding blue vessels, swelling of the veins. Patients notice edema in themselves, which increases with exertion. Pain in the legs with varicose veins refers to the signs of the primary form of the disease: after work or a long walk, there is a feeling of heaviness in the lower extremities. All these symptoms are due to stagnation of accumulated blood, weakness of the vascular walls.
Primary varicose veins are a separate ailment. His formation can be promoted by heredity, excessive load on the legs. A sedentary lifestyle and wearing too tight clothes have a great influence on the occurrence of blood stagnation. During pregnancy, pathology can develop through an increase in the uterus in size, affect the condition of the veins and difficult labor.
The secondary form of the disease is a consequence of previous diseases or injuries of the legs. Such varicose veins are characterized by the degradation of the venous valves, which are located on the border of the subcutaneous and internal vessels. From the deep veins, the blood passes into the subcutaneous veins, as a result of which a greater impact is formed on the latter, they stretch. Signs of a disease of the venous system of a secondary nature:
If the disease is not treated, it begins to progress. Each stage of the disease manifests itself with more and more intensifying symptoms. At the first stage, the protruding vessels may not be visible at all, and at the fourth stage they bulge strongly, form knots, ulcers may occur. It is necessary to know the signs of a particular stage in order to start treatment on time.
At the initial stage, you may not find any signs of malfunctioning of the veins. This period can last for several months, sometimes it lasts for years. Symptoms of the first stage increase the intensity of their manifestation with increased load on the lower extremities and decrease during rest. If you do not pay attention to these signs, the condition can worsen.
During this period, the duration of which can be many years, the symptoms of the initial manifestations intensify. The stage involves the onset of night cramps, accompanied by severe pain. Over time, such sensations become impossible to tolerate. The veins stand out with more force. They look wide, swollen, and may form knots. The swelling becomes permanent and disappears only in the morning after sleep. A characteristic feature of the second stage of varicose veins is a change in the color of the skin of the legs, their darkening to brown with a purple tint.
As the symptoms become more pronounced, patients who know what varicose veins on the legs look like turn to a vascular surgeon during this period. Therapeutic treatment in relation to this stage may not give results, so doctors recommend surgery. Preventive measures are needed in order to stop the transformation of the disease into another stage.
The third stage of development has its own signs of varicose veins of the legs. During this period, the violation of blood circulation continues. The spots that have arisen on top of the lower extremities become brown. This is due to the fact that erythrocytes begin their movement into the fluid between the cells. Blue veins in the legs in the lower leg and thigh area become pronounced. A characteristic sign of the third stage is that dermatitis begins to develop, which brings with it an itching sensation and small rashes on top of the skin of the legs.
The late period of the disease is characterized by more terrible and noticeable indicators of the development of varicose veins of the legs. At the fourth stage, complications are formed. These include diseases such as thrombophlebitis, chronic venous insufficiency. There are ruptures of previously arisen nodes, bleeding. Trophic ulcers form on the skin of the lower leg and thighs. By the fourth stage, it is very difficult to remove the signs of varicose veins of the legs. The goal of treatment is to reduce the possibility of complications or inhibit their development.