Signs of varicose veins of the legs

Varicose veins of the lower extremities is a dangerous disease that in the early stages can go unnoticed for men and women. Many symptoms can be attributed to simple fatigue of the legs. It is very important to identify the signs indicating an ailment in time and consult a doctor for treatment.

Why does varicose veins in the legs occur?

Varicose veins are an ailment characterized by loss of elasticity of the veins, their dilation and stretching. Inside the vessels, the blood flow meets an obstacle in the form of valves that supply blood in a metered manner. When there are disturbances in the mechanism, the red fluid flows unhindered: as a result, its stagnation occurs in the legs. Improper functioning of the valves leads to the fact that the veins, filled with blood, stretch.

Varicose veins of the lower extremities can be caused by the following reasons:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • wearing uncomfortable shoes;
  • diseases of the nervous system;
  • hormonal disruptions, pregnancy;
  • overweight, obesity (the presence of extra pounds provokes a decrease in mobility and a deterioration in blood circulation);
  • excessive consumption of alcohol (an excessive concentration of alcohol thickens the blood, the result is its stagnation);
  • ailments of the pelvic organs;
  • smoking;
  • wearing tight underwear (it squeezes and pinches blood vessels);
  • constant high air temperature (can cause thrombosis, because the body is dehydrated, the blood thickens);
  • lower limb injuries;
  • frequent constipation (due to tension in the peritoneal region, pressure on the superficial veins increases);
  • diseases of the heart and blood vessels (the diseased organ cannot pump the required amount of red liquid);
  • taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • flat feet (the lack of amortization additionally loads the calf muscles, which leads to the formation of insufficiency of the venous valves);
  • constant stay on your feet for a long time.
photo of varicose veins on the legs

How does primary varicose veins manifest on the legs?

Signs of primary varicose veins of the legs can be expressed only by cosmetic disorders. In this case, the main signal is the protruding blue vessels, swelling of the veins. Patients notice edema in themselves, which increases with exertion. Pain in the legs with varicose veins refers to the signs of the primary form of the disease: after work or a long walk, there is a feeling of heaviness in the lower extremities. All these symptoms are due to stagnation of accumulated blood, weakness of the vascular walls.

Primary varicose veins are a separate ailment. His formation can be promoted by heredity, excessive load on the legs. A sedentary lifestyle and wearing too tight clothes have a great influence on the occurrence of blood stagnation. During pregnancy, pathology can develop through an increase in the uterus in size, affect the condition of the veins and difficult labor.

What is the characteristic of secondary varicose veins of the lower extremities

The secondary form of the disease is a consequence of previous diseases or injuries of the legs. Such varicose veins are characterized by the degradation of the venous valves, which are located on the border of the subcutaneous and internal vessels. From the deep veins, the blood passes into the subcutaneous veins, as a result of which a greater impact is formed on the latter, they stretch. Signs of a disease of the venous system of a secondary nature:

  • a feeling of heaviness in the lower limbs;
  • the appearance of pain;
  • convulsions;
  • swelling in the ankle area;
  • feeling of fullness.
heaviness in the legs with varicose veins

How does varicose veins manifest at different stages

If the disease is not treated, it begins to progress. Each stage of the disease manifests itself with more and more intensifying symptoms. At the first stage, the protruding vessels may not be visible at all, and at the fourth stage they bulge strongly, form knots, ulcers may occur. It is necessary to know the signs of a particular stage in order to start treatment on time.

At an early stage

First signs:

  • a constant feeling of heaviness inside the legs;
  • the appearance of edema;
  • pain in the legs of a aching character;
  • shin girth increases by 10 cm or more;
  • the formation of spider veins;
  • there is a rapid fatigue of the legs.

At the initial stage, you may not find any signs of malfunctioning of the veins. This period can last for several months, sometimes it lasts for years. Symptoms of the first stage increase the intensity of their manifestation with increased load on the lower extremities and decrease during rest. If you do not pay attention to these signs, the condition can worsen.

Second stage

During this period, the duration of which can be many years, the symptoms of the initial manifestations intensify. The stage involves the onset of night cramps, accompanied by severe pain. Over time, such sensations become impossible to tolerate. The veins stand out with more force. They look wide, swollen, and may form knots. The swelling becomes permanent and disappears only in the morning after sleep. A characteristic feature of the second stage of varicose veins is a change in the color of the skin of the legs, their darkening to brown with a purple tint.

As the symptoms become more pronounced, patients who know what varicose veins on the legs look like turn to a vascular surgeon during this period. Therapeutic treatment in relation to this stage may not give results, so doctors recommend surgery. Preventive measures are needed in order to stop the transformation of the disease into another stage.

varicose vein in the leg

In the third stage

The third stage of development has its own signs of varicose veins of the legs. During this period, the violation of blood circulation continues. The spots that have arisen on top of the lower extremities become brown. This is due to the fact that erythrocytes begin their movement into the fluid between the cells. Blue veins in the legs in the lower leg and thigh area become pronounced. A characteristic sign of the third stage is that dermatitis begins to develop, which brings with it an itching sensation and small rashes on top of the skin of the legs.

Fourth stage

The late period of the disease is characterized by more terrible and noticeable indicators of the development of varicose veins of the legs. At the fourth stage, complications are formed. These include diseases such as thrombophlebitis, chronic venous insufficiency. There are ruptures of previously arisen nodes, bleeding. Trophic ulcers form on the skin of the lower leg and thighs. By the fourth stage, it is very difficult to remove the signs of varicose veins of the legs. The goal of treatment is to reduce the possibility of complications or inhibit their development.